SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Wet Nurse, Nuclear Family, Wage Labour

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
SOCA02 Introduction to Sociology Week 3 January 24, 2013
Families
Key Issues
- Family is valued but seen as threatened
o Divorced, teenage pregnancy , violence
- We look back at the family in history
o Avoid nostalgia
o Argue: Behaviour is a function
Functional View of Family
- Nuclear family as beneficial
o Regulates sexual behavior and reproduction
o Socialization
Has shrunk quite a bit
o Protection
o Affection and emotional relatedness
o Economic unit, confers status
Conflict/Feminist View
- Family (especially under capitalism)
o Economic rather than emotional unit
o Oppressive
o Women as dependent labour
Being exploited in the family
Historical Approach
- Pre-industrial European Family
- Not idealize past, but seek out the “facts”
o Piece it together from Church records, graves, medical reports and etc.
Guiding Hypothesis
- Behaviour is a function of the social conditions under which it occers
o Ex. The oldest son gets the family fortune OR they break it up
- Ex. Lack of Resoucres
o Lead to medical rationing
Ex. Britain; They get their medical help for cancellation (Knee Surgery or hip
surgery)
Family Hypothesis
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- Pre-industrial family as extended
o Underlies the nostalgia
Family was the unit that stays together, including uncles and aunts and etc.
o The reality is more complex
- Industrialization leads to isolation of the nuclear family
o Is this good or bad?
Pre Industrial Home
- There were often just one room; there was no proper ventilation
o The air was dark and musty
Variables
- Births & Deaths
o Maybe 1 in 3 make it past five!! (Up to late 19 century)
Many women die in childbirth
- Marx’s favorite daughter died before him; most of his kids died before him
- Household size and Composition
o Crowding
When people first started to do these studies they were smaller than expected
Only the rich were able to have larger extended families
They were also smaller because they left when they were 7 8 years old for
apprentice
Eldest son would be kept home to keep the inheritance
The wealthy would keep their daughters at home to keep their
innocence/virtue/chastity
There were also fewer adults as they tended to die young
Women died in childbirth
A lot of older women married younger men because it was:
A form of birth control
Mothers died young
People would get remarried; creating lots of stepchildren
And the wicked stepmother
There were also non-family members in the household
There were lodgers in the house to help pay
Homes had virtually no furnishing
They would usually share it with animals (Ex. Cows, sheep and etc)
Kids see births, people die , arguments, sexual relations, there was no
“go to your room
- Children
o “Good Mothering is an invention of modernization’
Edward Shorter, The Making of the Modern Family
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Document Summary

Soca02 introduction to sociology week 3 january 24, 2013. Family is valued but seen as threatened: divorced, teenage pregnancy , violence. We look back at the family in history: avoid nostalgia, argue: behaviour is a function. Nuclear family as beneficial: regulates sexual behavior and reproduction, socialization. Has shrunk quite a bit: protection, affection and emotional relatedness, economic unit, confers status. Family (especially under capitalism: economic rather than emotional unit, oppressive, women as dependent labour. Not idealize past, but seek out the facts : piece it together from church records, graves, medical reports and etc. Behaviour is a function of the social conditions under which it occers: ex. The oldest son gets the family fortune or they break it up. Lack of resoucres: lead to medical rationing. Britain; they get their medical help for cancellation (knee surgery or hip surgery) Pre-industrial family as extended: underlies the nostalgia.

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