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Lecture 2

SOCA02 - Week 2 - January 17, 2013.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

SOCA02 – Introduction to Sociology – Week 2, Lecture 2 – January 17, 2013 Gender Inequality – Grasping the amount of Inequality & Explaining It Gender Inequality - Refers to differences between women and men in the distribution of power, income and prestige Patriarchy - Male domination and female subordination evident in all social relations o Ex. Political, economic, familial, and informal everyday behavior Historical Perspective - Gender Inequality older than class inequality o Ex. Most hunting and gathering societies - A male perspective! - Large beasts that were killed in the past; a male could not hunt them by themselves. o They could’ve scare the animal and scare it into a hole and either wait for it to die or to kill it right away - Vs. “net hunting” o Ex. Women more equal than usually assumed  Because women would collect berries and etc, women could’ve provided more protein than man How to Study Gender Inequality? - Women not brought in boats, conquered or colonized o Not segregated - Faced legal restrictions o Not allowed to vote, own property and etc. Can We Use “Job Model?” - Women allocated to the private sphere (home); o Men the public sphere - Women had a bigger economic dependence on men o Fathers, then “spouse” o More part-time work o Occupational segregation (pink collar) Female Labour Force Participation - Female labour force participation rose because of o Increased demand for service workers o A decrease in the average number of children per family o Increased financial pressures on families  Necessary for middle class standing Occupational Gender Segregation - Women typically do jobs that involve caregiving, or household-type management functions - Occupational sex segregation has decreased since the 1960s Status - Women as lower status than men o Defer more o Less recognition o Lower status jobs - Women’s status in broader society determined more by males o This is all changing Power - Women as powerless in broader society o VS home (domestic sphere)  Later add Church, charity, voluntarism  Power in household?? Unequal Life Chances - Abortion - Infanticide - Dowry Deaths o Honour Killing o Widow Burning - Sex slavery/rape - Medical/Violence (US & Canada) Making It – In The Past - Marie Curie – Won 2 nobel prizes Woman Now … - Making up almost 60% university grads - Woman with BAs making slightly more than men with BAs Accounting for Gender Differences - Sex o Biological and physical differences o Chromosomes - Gender (Ex. Sociological o Social & cultural conceptions of male and female Eleanor Maccoby & Carol Jacklin - The
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