SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Pink-Collar Worker, Dowry, Eleanor Maccoby

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
SOCA02 Introduction to Sociology Week 2, Lecture 2 January 17, 2013
Gender Inequality Grasping the amount of Inequality & Explaining It
Gender Inequality
- Refers to differences between women and men in the distribution of power, income and
prestige
Patriarchy
- Male domination and female subordination evident in all social relations
o Ex. Political, economic, familial, and informal everyday behavior
Historical Perspective
- Gender Inequality older than class inequality
o Ex. Most hunting and gathering societies
- A male perspective!
- Large beasts that were killed in the past; a male could not hunt them by themselves.
o They could’ve scare the animal and scare it into a hole and either wait for it to die or to
kill it right away
- Vs. “net hunting”
o Ex. Women more equal than usually assumed
Because women would collect berries and etc, women could’ve provided more
protein than man
How to Study Gender Inequality?
- Women not brought in boats, conquered or colonized
o Not segregated
- Faced legal restrictions
o Not allowed to vote, own property and etc.
Can We Use “Job Model?”
- Women allocated to the private sphere (home);
o Men the public sphere
- Women had a bigger economic dependence on men
o Fathers, then “spouse”
o More part-time work
o Occupational segregation (pink collar)
Female Labour Force Participation
- Female labour force participation rose because of
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o Increased demand for service workers
o A decrease in the average number of children per family
o Increased financial pressures on families
Necessary for middle class standing
Occupational Gender Segregation
- Women typically do jobs that involve caregiving, or household-type management functions
- Occupational sex segregation has decreased since the 1960s
Status
- Women as lower status than men
o Defer more
o Less recognition
o Lower status jobs
- Women’s status in broader society determined more by males
o This is all changing
Power
- Women as powerless in broader society
o VS home (domestic sphere)
Later add Church, charity, voluntarism
Power in household??
Unequal Life Chances
- Abortion
- Infanticide
- Dowry Deaths
o Honour Killing
o Widow Burning
- Sex slavery/rape
- Medical/Violence (US & Canada)
Making It In The Past
- Marie Curie Won 2 nobel prizes
Woman Now …
- Making up almost 60% university grads
- Woman with BAs making slightly more than men with BAs
Accounting for Gender Differences
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Document Summary

Soca02 introduction to sociology week 2, lecture 2 january 17, 2013. Gender inequality grasping the amount of inequality & explaining it. Refers to differences between women and men in the distribution of power, income and prestige. Male domination and female subordination evident in all social relations: ex. Gender inequality older than class inequality: ex. Because women would collect berries and etc, women could"ve provided more protein than man. Women not brought in boats, conquered or colonized: not segregated. Faced legal restrictions: not allowed to vote, own property and etc. Women allocated to the private sphere (home): men the public sphere. Women had a bigger economic dependence on men: fathers, then spouse , more part-time work, occupational segregation (pink collar) Increased demand for service workers: a decrease in the average number of children per family. Women typically do jobs that involve caregiving, or household-type management functions. Occupational sex segregation has decreased since the 1960s.

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