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Lecture 3

SOCA02 Lecture 3.docx

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Sheldon Ungar

SOCA02 Lecture 3 January, 24 , 2013 Topic: marriage  Brym chapter 15: families - key issues >family is valued but seen as threatened *divorce, teenage pregnancy, violence - we look back at the family in history >avoid nostalgia >argue: behavior is a function of the social conditions under which it occurs (the way ppl behave is a function of the situations we find ourselves in, ppl aren’t good or bad)  functions of the family - nuclear family as beneficial >regulates sexual behaviour and reproduction >socialization >protection >affection and emotional relatedness >economic unit (confers status) - conflict view of family (esp capitalism) >economic rather than emotional unit >oppressive >women as dependant labour (exploited in the fam) *both views nostalgic functional perspective: perfect unit, “white” family, romanticize the past conflict perspective: look at pre-industrial family, bad during capitalism  historical approach - pre-industrial European family >not idealize past, but seek out the “facts” *piece it together from church records, graves (400 year old, kid that died at 6 months), medical reports, etc  guiding hypothesis - behavior is a function of the social conditions under which it occurs (quebec, give land and wealth to one child, usually oldest son, others to survive on their own and nothing to pass down to them. Rather leave all to one than little to many. Only have enough money for one kid) - e.g. lack resources lead to medical rationing  family hypothesis - pre-industrial family identified as extended family (had 3 generations or more) >underlies the nostalgia >the reality is more complex - industrialization leads to isolation of the nuclear family >is this good or bad?  Pre industrial home >just one room, didn’t have proper ventilation (fireplace, cooking in one)  Variables 1 - births and deaths >upto late 19 century, 1/3 survived past 5 >many women die in childbirth *alice goes for religious guy not rich, got pregnant, had 9 children, pregnancy; fevers, sweating, nose bleeds, recovery after many months, babies; diarrehea, etc, - infant mortality under 9 (per 1000 births) >industrial cyts (5 mid east 60 s asia more, sub Saharan Africa even more  variables 2 - household size and composition >crowding *children were apprencticed out at age of 7 or 8, hoping to get money as they earned, eldest son may have been kept home due to inheritance, richest fam kept children at home esp daughters to protect them *fewer adults, lots of mother died during childbirth, father often died (injury, infection), older women married younger men (for birth control, didn’t need divorce because nobody would really live more than 5-10 years married, because mothers died often=re-marriage, step-children, step-mothers), *were nonfamily members in household, hired hands, boarders to help pay *homes had almost no furnishing *shared with animals, freezing cold outside, not gonna leave animal outside (cost a lot, couldn’t afford another)  variables 3 - children >”good mothering is an intervention of modernization”- Edward shorter, the making of the modern family >”most children were battered children. Lennons mother went to bed in cold wet towels. Children were whipped. Special villages of infanticide.” >swaddling kids, burnt in fire places, nova scotia (kids being eaten by pigs), French didn’t name kids til after they were 5 (not develop emotional attachment to them) >dressed them the same way they dressed adults, calculated their age by looks  variables 4 - marriage and peer groups >done for money not love >show little affection >men
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