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SOCA02H3 (398)
Lecture 2

Week 2 Lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
John Hannigan
Semester
Winter

Description
Week 2 – Family Ties -public vs. private space -public = park, sidewalks, streets, malls, school -malls serve public function but private space; is a privately-owned space -are increasingly made to look like streets -school are public because people can use it after hours, but not open to people off the streets because of rise of crime -sidewalks and streets are areas that are traditionally treated as public space -parks have been in the public realm, but have been privatized -in some neighbourhoods in England, London, in recent years, they are locked at night because of druggies -parks are being privatized by putting private restaurants -private space = home, workplace (office) -“a man’s home is his cask” = within the home -cannot just walk into an office anymore, will have a security guard who controls flow of people -privatization of public space = away from public and moving toward private space -e.g. “keep out – for employees only” signs = for private property -public/private division applies to families, changes in family, family structure, meaning of family, its impacts on space -concept of family is relatively recent image; notion of family is private space/unit th -pre-industrial era = time before industrialization that emerged into North America in 19 century -in pre-industrial era, kind of family was very different -an author cited in text: Philippe Ariès wrote well-known book stated the concept of family is reknown in 17 century -prior to that time, people tended to live in a more communal fashion = people spent very little time as a distinct unit from mother/father and instead lived in a communal unit with cousins, uncles/aunts and lived their life together -notion of family is distinct unit that emerged later on -very little mentioned about wages -another author cited in text: Edward Shorter wrote book “Making family” in 1975 -stated: family had no sense of privacy or separation from the community -people had no money and lived on the streets, eat their meal off on the streets, socialize with one another on the streets, sleep on streets -tremendous shift from Gemeinshaft to Gesellshaft, from traditional society to modern urban society -transformation of family, like neighbourhood, church, family unit is undergoing change -changes among new immigrant groups -this was a time when middle class emerged into society -suburban middle class families happened to be different from lower class -family emerged as a strong private unit, from extended family (aunts/uncles/grandparents) to more nuclear kind of unit (husbands/wives/kids) -period in which family was elevated to being sacred -Chicago School believed family was weakened because deprived of its traditional functions – education, entertainment, emergency help, financial -traditionally, people were largely educated at home or within family unit -kids followed their family’s occupation; thus kids were shown the ropes by their family -during industrial revolution, education was taken over by the state, so communities have thousands of schools, so education of kids didn’t take place in home but instead outside -kids had to stay in school unless 14 or 16, kids also had to work in factories where child labour was exploited -education really became something that didn’t learn within the family/through experience but is learned through course -another thing that changed was entertainment, in the past entertainment occurred within the home on a daily basis (gather together and watch tv in a room); these days most entertainment happens outside of home (watch tv on computer/phone) -family no longer finds ways of entertaining itself, don’t have family sitting around playing cards or singing -people would go out to movies or sports events that are not found in the family -emergency help used to be role in family, when family member had health/mental crisis, it would be resolved within family unit -now, it is taken over by state, having people cope with social services that are highly specialized -financial – if start off with capital for business, would look within the family for financial -financial loans/support shifted out of family and into banks and trust companies -as family lost these functions/authority, then it weakens family ties; thus social disorganization and anomie -Chicago School then felt the shift to industrial society that meant family was weakened -most of these things characterize changes in lower class families -middle class families are interes
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