SOCA03H3 – Week 2
- Refers to differences between women and men in the distribution of power, income and
- Male domination and female subordination evident in all social relations.
- Gender inequality older than class inequality.
o E.g. most hunting and gathering societies
A male perspective!
- Vs. “net hunting”
o i.e. women more equal than usually assumed
How to study gender inequality?
- Women not brought in boats, conquered or colonized.
o Not segregated.
- Faced legal restrictions
o Not vote, own property.
o Women needed signatures of men for basically anything they needed to do.
Can we use ‘job model’?
- Women allocated to the private sphere (home):
o Men: the public sphere (work)
- Women more economic dependence on men
o Fathers, then ‘spouse’
o More part-time work
o Occupational segregation (pink collar) Occupational Gender Segregation
- Pink Collar
o Women typically done jobs that involve caregiving, or household-type
• There are male nurses, but people are often surprised at that.
Female Labour Force Participation
- Female labour force participation rose because of:
o Increased demand for service workers
o A decrease in the average number of children per family.
o Women’s movement seeking opportunities.
Especially with increased education (baby boomers)
o Increased financial pressures on families.
Necessary for middle-class standing.
- Women seen as lower status than men.
o Defer more
o Less recognition.
- Women as powerless in broader society
o Vs. Home (domestic sphere)
Later add Church, charity, voluntarism.
Power in household?
Unequal Life Chances - Abortion
- Dowry deaths
o Honour killings
o Widow burning
- Sex slavery/rape
o (US & Canada)