SOCA02 - LECTURE 3
Part 1: Family
Fam = valued but threatened (problematic) due to divorce, teen pregnancy, violence, & tough
Functional view of fam (1950s): nuclear fam = beneficial regulates
sexual behaviour / reproduction. socialization
protection affection & emotional relatedness
Conflict (fam under capitalism) / Feminist
economically emotional oppressive women = dependent labour
Pre-industrial Euro fam = been studied by many historians
• Instead of idealizing past, seek out facts and piece it together through evidence.
• Guided hypothesis: behaviour is a function of social conditions under when it occurs:
1. Lack of resources effecting medicine (only give to those who have greater chance of
2. Distribution of inheritance
1. Family hypothesis: pre-industrial euro fam = extended (3 generations of family or more)
Families in Past
1. Births & Deaths: about 1 in 3 kids die before age 5, many women die in child birth.
2. Household size and composition: only the really rich had extended family.
o younger men married older women (not fertile, so that controlled births) hence
why step mothers were common.
o adults died early, less adults around than kids.
there were borders, ppl who lived in your basement w/ you.
no privacy in washrooms, ppl had sexual relations there.
3. Children "good mothering is an invention of modernization" - Edward Shorter
• rashes from "diapers" or dirty clothing
• severally burned in fires from lack of supervision
• The French ignored kinds until they were 5 (when they were given a name)
Overall, children died early so they didn't want to get emotionally attached to them [past]
however now parent are more protective of their kids because they only have a few.
eg: parents of past, if they were rich = sent them to school or sent them off if sick,
but the poor = threw them away didn't care about their children.
4. Marriage / peer groups:
Before marriages = not based on romantic love, there were abusive marriages where
both wife / husband beat each other hence very little affection.
Class avoidance with peer groups (peer groups = most important, emotional