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SOCA02H3 (393)


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

SOCA02 - LECTURE 3 Part 1: Family Fam = valued but threatened (problematic) due to divorce, teen pregnancy, violence, & tough love. Functional view of fam (1950s): nuclear fam = beneficial regulates sexual behaviour / reproduction. socialization protection affection & emotional relatedness economic unit Conflict (fam under capitalism) / Feminist economically emotional oppressive women = dependent labour Historical Approach Pre-industrial Euro fam = been studied by many historians • Instead of idealizing past, seek out facts and piece it together through evidence. • Guided hypothesis: behaviour is a function of social conditions under when it occurs: 1. Lack of resources effecting medicine (only give to those who have greater chance of living) 2. Distribution of inheritance 1. Family hypothesis: pre-industrial euro fam = extended (3 generations of family or more) Families in Past 1. Births & Deaths: about 1 in 3 kids die before age 5, many women die in child birth. 2. Household size and composition: only the really rich had extended family. o younger men married older women (not fertile, so that controlled births) hence why step mothers were common. o adults died early, less adults around than kids. o crowding:  there were borders, ppl who lived in your basement w/ you.  no privacy in washrooms, ppl had sexual relations there. 3. Children "good mothering is an invention of modernization" - Edward Shorter Doctor reports • rashes from "diapers" or dirty clothing • severally burned in fires from lack of supervision • The French ignored kinds until they were 5 (when they were given a name) Overall, children died early so they didn't want to get emotionally attached to them [past] however now parent are more protective of their kids because they only have a few. eg: parents of past, if they were rich = sent them to school or sent them off if sick, but the poor = threw them away didn't care about their children. 4. Marriage / peer groups: Before marriages = not based on romantic love, there were abusive marriages where both wife / husband beat each other hence very little affection. Class avoidance with peer groups (peer groups = most important, emotional attachment).
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