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Lecture 5

SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Gartner, Bulgaria, Paul Bernardo


Course Code
Sheldon Ungar

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Stuey 'the kid" ungar = sir's cousin (died of cocaine addiction)
prodigy, drug user, one of best poker players (winner 3 time world poker)
Part 1: Deviance & Crime (aren't same, deviance = minor)
The ingredients to deviance:
1. rule making "rules = necessary"
2. rule breaking "for deviance, ppl have to break the rules"
3. rule application "you need punishments for breaking rules."
Model of deviance
Deviance = contingent: rules => rule breaking => notice of breaking => responded => labelled
(simple words, there are a lot of rules, many of those roles are broken, some are
noticed, few are responded to and rarely people are labelled deviants)
Deviance = rule breaking + social reaction.
Deviance = harmful to some extent (definition of harm varies across time & place)
deviance can have destructive outcomes (eg: gambling, drugs, drinking)
some deviance is not harmful (eg: victimless crimes.)
Rule making = the powerful make the rules (eg: elites, dominant class) [marxist view]
Types of rules (for crimes)
1. consensus crimes (regularly everyone agrees it is a crime)
eg: child abuse / pornography = strongest, also murder / rape.
2. conflict crimes (activity where it is considered a crime)
eg: Abortion, Gay rights, Drinking and Driving.
There is a shifting boundary between the 2, some crimes can be decriminalized.
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Deviance inevitable (even in society of angels) we need deviance to distinguish bad / good.
Functions of crime:
1. increases social solidarity through collective expressions of outrage.
(reminds ppl of their core values).
2. clarifies group's boundaries (distinguish insiders and outsiders of group)
eg: weekend hippies = college students who pretended they were hippies during the
weekend, the hippies didn't like these falsies trying to pretend they were "in" with them.
3. may challenge rules (allows rules to be changed)
eg: abortion and gay rights (canada)
Rule breaking = inevitable: Models of deviance
Differences between deviance aren't so different from normal ppl and their
1. A wall between deviants "bad guys" and us "good guys
2. Deviant ppl and us (there are some overlaps between us)
3. Deviance are just unlucky people "he got caught, I didn't"
eg: everyone downloads pirated things but we don't get caught
eg: we speed (which is some degree of deviance) but someone else got caught.
4. bad guys wear the badges & commit deviance (the police are the bad guys)
cops & police in the middle of deviance and normal ppl, they do deviance too but they
don't turn themselves in for doing deviance.
Claim: we all violate norms (superficial norms)
However, it isn't worthwhile to chase after small norms violated by normal ppl.
It all depend on 1. if we get noticed. 2. serious enough for criminal record / jail.
Social reaction:
variable process discretion related to power
example of social reaction relating power: black ppl convicted 4 times more.
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