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Lecture 3


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Sheldon Ungar

Thursday January 23, 2014 ACMA01- Week 3 What is history? Definition: record of events that took place in the past particularly in human affairs Mediation: key component of our historical narratives, history always comes to us via someone else “Picture”- all things are subject to interpretation whichever interpretation prevails at a given time is function of power not truth Context can shape how history is told and also whose history it told • It is not exact science • Written by victors, people who conquered and colonized turned into slaves We are all informed by the world in particular ways Liberationist thought • Critical theorists, philosophers theologians, and historians challenging official histories • Central and southAmerican 1960’s • Enrique Dussel (liberation philosopher) • Emphasizing – those who suffer, oppression • Shift historical focuses away from the colonizers, and those who were colonized History and the Victors • Victor’s not only people who emerge from conflict • History often takes on the character and worldview of those on top • This is the official record- passed down through generations • Christopher Columbus paints a picture for us that he was brave and strong he brought civilization • Colonization spread through Caribbean islands • Exploitation of natural goods, slavery torture and death • Destruction of culture and civilizations Colonialism: policy or practice of requiring full or partial control over another country and exploiting that country economically Imperialism: extending power of domination of a nation by direct territorial acquisitions or by gaining indirect control over political or economic life Example of colonialism: conquistadores- Spanish explorers and military personnel • Sailor to central and southAmerica • Expanding Spanish empire through exploitation
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