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Lecture 5

SOCA03H3 - Lecture 5.docx

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Sheldon Ungar

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SOCA03H3 – Week 5 Deviance (& Crime) - Rule Making - Rule Breaking o Causes of deviance/crime - Rule Application o Social Reaction Deviance is… - Rule breaking o A social reaction - What other model can you make combining these variables? - No rule breaking but a social reaction o i.e. Falsely accused  Innocent Deviance as harmful - Destructive Outcomes - Problems o Some deviance is not harmful. - Definition of harm varies across time and place Rule Making - By whom? - The “powerful” o Elites o Dominant class (Marxian) Types of Rules (for crime) - Consensus crimes… o Rape o Child abuse/pornography - Conflict crimes… o Abortion in the US. o Gay rights o Driving under the influence (DUI) - Note: shifting boundaries between the two o Shifts depend on the relative power of c Durkheim - Deviance inevitable o Even in a society of angels Durkheim: Functions of Crime - Increases social solidarity through collective expressions of outrage o Reminding people of their common values. - Clarifies the group boundaries Rule Breaking - Is inevitable - But… is the deviant really different? Claim - We all violate norms - But get noticed? - Serious enough for o Criminal record? o Jail time? Social Reaction - Is a variable process - Is discretionary - Is related to power Variable Reactions - Undetected “crimes” - Not reported o No one knows you deviated Discretion in responding - D
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