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Lecture

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5 pages39 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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New Topic: Work
James Hanson said dictatorship is preferred over democracy in things like environmental
movement
Dictatorships use show trials to frighten the public, the result of the trial is predetermined
Economy organize production, distribution, exchange of goods and services
Productivity amount of produced for every hour worked
Markets regulates exchange of goods and services
Supply and demand govern and regulate prices
Staples resources
Division of labour specialization of work tasks
The more specialized the work tasks in a society, the greater the division of labour
Elaborated divisions of labour is associated with wealth
3 sectors of economy
1.Primary (agriculture)
2.Secondary (manufacturing)
3.Tertiary (service)
3 revolutions in work
Agriculture revolution began 10000 years ago, people domesticated crops and animals,
productivity increased
Industrial revolution began 220 years ago, technological innovations, machines replaced
people
Postindustrial revolution 20th century, de-industrial revolution in first world countries,
service industries took over
Wheel rights people who looked after large industrial equipments with wheels
People that work in agriculture declined as industrial revolution came into effect
1820 to 1860, industrial production increased by 300%
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Capitalism took over by the end of 18th century
Bourgeois democracy a society that favours the capitalists
Supply of money increases
Paper money replaced gold, electronic money replaced paper money
Land is now bought and sold
Exchange used to be in kind, barter system
Workers want labour cost to increase, management want labour cost lower
natural form of conflict
Discretion control over your work is lost
Efficiency a new concept, related to productivity. As efficiency increases, the control over
the work decreases
Narrowing of job division of labour is called deskilling
Deskilling increase efficiency, but make jobs very narrow and boring
Highly alienating, ideal of craftsmanship is lost
Braverman (deskilling thesis)
Higher paying jobs are usually more enjoyable
Lower paying jobs are narrow skilled and boring
Canadas industrial revolution started in 1950s; it is referred to as the staple economy
(selling of natural resources)
In 1885, Canada completed the CPR (Canadian Pacific Railway)
Preindustrial period, Canada had a lot of household economy (agriculture)
Made and sold their own products
Land shortage in Europe, many immigrated to Canada to become farmers
Many immigrants are Scottish and Irish (caused by Potato Famine)
Canals and docks made contributions to the Industrial Revolution
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