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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 notes

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 4 Industrialaizationcapitalism transformed the workplace Ths school of work alinetation Capitalism destroys ideal of craftsmanship aka work of the artisan an artisan is a crafstsman in the middle ages they formed craft guilds professional organization resemble craft skills but there is a direct link of inheritance bw old craft skill and profession life we belong too other forms of work in middle ages bfr industrial revolution was peasants who were small time farmers how ever even that work offered more variety and creativity then a lot of modern work this type of work was consistent with what Karl Marx called Species being what human nature is abt we cant live without work bcz if you dunt work you dunt survive its natural marx tells us to find creativity in work bcz that is who we are we are naturally curious to achieve self fulfillment in a factory system which was introduced by industry revolution denied self fulfillment bcz prior to it ppl had something called occupational control eg peasants had variety in their workthey planted looked after crops made their own tools built their homes and made their clothes so even peasants were Generalistssomebody that can do a bunch of diff things Specialist someone who concentrates on something specific historically peasant or work in medieval periods was generalist peasants and craft workers had more leisure then we have today bfr industrial revolution atleast in western Europe there were 180 holidays per year Early factor workers aka Urabn proletariat by Marx worked 80 hrs a week terrible working conditions got Sunday offl there was filth and disease everywhere Elements of ideal craftsmanship General conceptual category 1 Intrinsic gratification work shuld be performed for its own sake Marx was in humanistichuman centered problems phase here work shuld be performed for the gratification it providesshuld be an inner relationship bw the person and the thing the person creates this is Marxist humanistic phase needs total concentration in the job 2 Extrinsic gratification when ppl work for reasons external to the actual work process eg money also gives security work gives you money and income work gives you prestige work can also give you power over others Good jobs vs bad jobs Combines intrinsic and extrinsic gratification higher education pays well not closely supervises good benefits security etc pfofessional give both intrinsic and extrinsic gratificationAlienation THESIS EMPHASIZES INTRINSIC SPECIFICATION OF JOB ANOTHER ASPECT OF IDEAL CRAFSTSMANSHIPMaterial and psychological ownership is lost when ideal craftsmanship is lost
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