SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - North American Free Trade Agreement, Nikola Tesla, Abstract Window Toolkit

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17 Apr 2012
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sociology lect 3
-of the 100 largest economies in the world, 51 are corporations and 49 are
countries
-wal-mart is the world's 12th largest corporation; it has larger annual revenues than
the GNP'S of ISR, GRE, AND POL
-the top 200 corporations combined sales are bigger than the combined GNP's of
182 countries
-the poorest 80% of the world's pop account for US $39 trillion in economic activity,
compared to US $91 trillion for the world's 200 top corporations
-Hindenberg, and Zepplin technology-name of a balloon -made their way across
the ATLANTIC-dangerous and highly flammable because of hydrogen gas
-1940's first planes to across the Atlantic-sea planes, could land on water
-end of 50's ship travel -ships carry bulk, size increased, tankers -vessels, are for
pleasure cruising
-communications technology-the rapid sending of information -human runners were
used to carry messages (Greeks) -pony express-1870's carrying messages by
ponies
- speed of people can move is directly related to how messages can be carried
-telegraph changed it-used wire, and wires carry a signal (Morse code) -telegraph
makes possible, the movement of info is decoupled from the movement of people
(no need people to carry a message)
-afterwards, wireless (telegraph came first and then radio-sends messages without
wire, sends radiowaves) -radio comes end of 19th century at first used Morse code
-intercontinental -NA has problems connecting to EU -transmission power did not
exist -cables all across the Atlantic ocean -special ships that went across the
Atlantic, carried Morse code
-Alexander Graham-1978-created the telephone, he developed technology that
picked up voice waves and transformed those signal into cable
-Nicola Tesla -worked with Thomas Edison -Tesla developed electrical
transmission power, could send radio-waves in thousand of waves
-Marconi-stole Tesla's idea? -was a great innovator in sending radio signals but
Tesla beat him to it
-communications technology starts to go global in the 20th century -radio-waves are
short-wave
-t.v signals used to travel from a transmission tower to a travel router?
-transmission towers across CAN-they carry the signal from one tower to the next
-cable comes -satellite transmission-fibre optics -carries the cleanest signal
possible
-internet was invented by the US military -e-mail -signals are still carried by cable
-->Global economy
-transnational corporation are most important sources of globalization today
-differ from traditional corporations in 5 main ways:
1. depend increasingly on foreign labour and foreign production
2. increasingly emphasize skills and advances in design, technology and
management
3. depend increasingly on world markets
4. depend increasingly on massive advertising campaigns
5. are increasingly autonomous from national governments
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