Class Notes (806,696)
Canada (492,414)
Sociology (2,411)
SOCA02H3 (393)


5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Andrew Mc Kinnon

Sociology Lecture 4glocalizationheavy metalWork and EconomyConceptsECONOMY institution that organizes production distribution and exchange of goods and servicesPRODUCTIVITYamount produced for every hour workedMARKETS social relations that regulate exchange of goods and servicesprices of goods and services established by how plentiful they are supply and how much they are wanted demand STAPLESresources such as timber minerals oil fishDIVISION OF LABOURspecialization of work tasksthe more specialized the work tasks in a society the greater the division of labour the economyconventionally analysts divide the economy into 3 sectors1PRIMARY SECTORincludes farming fishing logging and mining2SECONDARY SECTORwhere raw materials are turned into finished goods and where manufacturing takes place3TERTIARY SECTORwhere services are bought and soldservices include the work of nurses teachers lawyers hairdressers computer programmersoften the 3 sectors are called agricultural manufacturing and service sectors respectively Three Revolutions in workAGRICULTURAL REVOLUTIONbegan 10000 years ago when people established permanent settlements and started herding and farming led to soaring productivity INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONbegan 220 years ago when machines such as steam engine railroads and other technological innovations greatly increased ability of producers to supply marketsthPOSTINDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONtook place in 20 century as service industries thcame to dominate economy by the 20 century 1900 industrial capitalism is the main source of wealthgrowth of money as a medium in virtually all transactionsmarkets developed for commodities which are bought and sold with money some exchanges take place in barter trade commodities for another markets developed for labour people get drawn in labour power is bought and sell themselves land is subject to markets used to not be sold because they were held by feudal elitesinkind exchanges between peasant and lord were replaced by a workrelationship based on capital and labour capital labour number is explosive creates social conflict the organization of work is also transformed radically altered employers will pay for certain amount of work and they will tell you how to do the work workers lose control of workactivity work is governed by efficiency work becomes insecure when the employer doesnt need you workers are let go narrowing of the division of labour gets narrower and narrower idiotproofed takes a minimal amount of intelligence to do a job productivity goes up when narrowed skilled and craft work is transformed into unskilled work highly alienated labour
More Less

Related notes for SOCA02H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.