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Lecture

Lecture Notes (second half of Religion and beginning of Environment)

14 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Religion
Mar.10/2011
Socio is the enemy of liberty
90% of scientists are alive today
Miracle: work of god
Secularization:
oPeople are likely to characterize their experiences based on nature (ex:
tsunami)
oMost people understand scientific mechanisms, they have a natural
interpretation of
oLisbon (in Portugal) 90,000 people died after earthquake and tsunami
Water shed: turning point
dont give help to the people because the tsunami is gods punishment
of sin
Most people did deliver aid to the people in need indicating that the
secular attitude gained
oSecularization is not the death of religion religion loses importance
oReligion becomes something you pay attention to 3 times in your life:
Baptism
Marriage
Death
oSome see religion as a mark of ethnicity
Religion is secondary to the ethnic identification
oReligion seen in nationality (secondary to identification in the nation state)
Secure identification
Future of Religion
www.notesolution.com
oReligion will still exist
oSecular institutions taking over religious areas
oThere will always be religious revivals
oPolarization between people who are religious (social conservatives)
and people who are not religious
Seen in the United States
oConservative and Liberals:
Conservative see the decline of religion as moral decline (not all)
Liberals see decline in religion as freedom of choice
Para-religion: something that is near to religious belief
Ex: scientology
European Classification of Religion
oChurch:
Bureaucratic church: pope at the top, priests at the bottom
(hierarchy)
School of theology for qualification as a priest
Rules and regulations
Churches are well integrated into society
Teachings are generally main-stream, non-threatening, non-
radical
oSect
New religions that break away from churches (protestism)
Less integrated into society and less bureaucratic
No school required
More radical, separation is based on doctrine or
geography
Can be separated based on diet, dress, prayer, etc.
Roman-Catholicism was an Ecclesia: state-supported
religion
www.notesolution.com
Apostasy: a heretic
Recantation:
oImmigrants in Europe are considered foreigners
North American Classification of Religion
oNorth America was founded based on religious freedom and tolerance
oImmigration-based societies
oSuccessive waves of immigrants in the country
oPeople who live in North America are not bothered about immigration
as opposed to Europeans
oReligions proliferated: spread
o2064 religions in Canada
oMembers of parliament belonging to many different religions
oNorth Americans decided to change church and sect
oEcclesia:
State-supported churches
Limited
Denominations:
Coexisting religions under their overarching authority
Not associated with the state
Theocratic ecclesia were in the ancient world, where king was
godGovernment officials were religious figures (theocracy)
Speculated that exists in Iran
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Religion Mar.102011 Socio is the enemy of liberty 90% of scientists are alive today Miracle: work of god Secularization: o People are likely to characterize their experiences based on nature (ex: tsunami) o Most people understand scientific mechanisms, they have a natural interpretation of o Lisbon (in Portugal) 90,000 people died after earthquake and tsunami Water shed: turning point dont give help to the people because the tsunami is gods punishment of sin Most people did deliver aid to the people in need indicating that the secular attitude gained o Secularization is not the death of religion religion loses importance o Religion becomes something you pay attention to 3 times in your life: Baptism Marriage Death o Some see religion as a mark of ethnicity Religion is secondary to the ethnic identification o Religion seen in nationality (secondary to identification in the nation state) Secure identification Future of Religion www.notesolution.com o Religion will still exist o Secular institutions taking over religious areas o There will always be religious revivals o Polarization between people who are religious (social conservatives) and people who are not religious Seen in the United States o Conservative and Liberals: Conservative see the decline of religion as moral decline (not all) Liberals see decline in religion as freedom of choice Para-religion: something that is near to religious belief Ex: scientology European Classification of Religion o Church: Bureaucratic church: pope at the top, priests at the bottom (hierarchy) School of theology for qualification as a priest Rules and regulations Churches are well integrated into society Teachings are generally main-stream, non-threatening, non- radical o Sect New religions that break away from churches (protestism) Less integrated into society and less bureaucratic No school required More radical, separation is based on doctrine or geography Can be separated based on diet, dress, prayer, etc. Roman-Catholicism was an Ecclesia: state-supported religion www.notesolution.com
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