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Lecture

Chapter 9.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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Chapter 9- Globalization, inequality, and development
The growth of tourism is rapidly rising.
Globalization gas transformed and improved the way we live.
Inequality between rich and poor countries remains staggering. People oppose
globalization because it may hurt a local culture and natural environment.
Some anti-globalization suggests globalization is a form of imperialism.
Imperialism: economic domination of one country by another.
Globalization
Globalization in everyday life
Global commodity chain: a worldwide network of labor and production
processes whose end result is a finished commodity.
(Nike shoes-people working get less money and Nike itself makes a lot of money
because they get labor from other countries which benefits them)
When someone buys a pair of Nikes they insert themselves in a global
commodity chain.
Sociology makes us aware of the complex web of social relations and interactions
in which we are embedded.
Globalization extends the range of linkage, connecting our biography with global
history and global social structure.
The Sources of Globalization
The main sources of globalization are technology, politics and economics.
Technology
Technology effects globalization the most because of it is fast and efficient.
Moves things and information over long distance very quickly and inexpensively.
Such as telecommunications, and travel through planes/boats/ cars.
Globalization would hard without modern technology.
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Politics
Globalization could not occur without advanced technology, but advanced
technology by itself could never bring globalization about. Politics determine the
level of globalization if a country does not want to be connected with the rest of
the world it can make that choice. (Canada and north Korea doesn’t have
diplomatic ties)
Economics
Economy is also important.
Transnational corporations are large businesses that rely increasingly on foreign
labor and foreign production; skills and advances in design, technology, and
management; world markets; and massive advertising campaigns. They are
increasingly autonomous from national governments.
Transnational corporation: multinational or international corporation- are the
most important agents of globalization in the world. They are different from
traditional corporations in 5 ways.
1. • Traditional Corporation rely on domestic labor and domestic
production. Transnational depend increasingly on foreign labor and
foreign production.
2. • Traditional corporations extract natural resources or manufacture
industrial goods. Transnational corporations increasingly emphasize
skills and advances in design, technology, and management.
3. • Traditional corporations sell to domestic markets. Transnational
corporations depend increasingly on world markets.
4. • Traditional corporations rely on established marketing and sales
outlets. Transnational corporations depend on massive advertising
campaigns.
5. • Traditional corporations work with or under national governments.
Transnational corporations are increasingly autonomous from national
governments.
Technological, political and economic factors do not work independently
leading to globalization.
A world like the United States?
Globalization links people around the world.
One common shorthand expression for the homogenizing effects of
globalization is McDonaldization.
McDonaldization: is a form of rationalization. Bringing McDonalds the fast
food restaurant world-wide in the most efficient and profitable way.
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