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SOCA02H3 (398)
Lecture 4

SOCA02- Lecture 4.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
Winter

Description
SOCA02 Lecture 4Trend is for democracy to take more and more of the freedom awayState begins to feel that they can tell people how to lead their lives ex wear safety helmets when riding motor cycle whybecause the state has to pay if they get injured th Beginning of 20 century there wasnt even an income taxLegitimacy Weber said that power can become legitimized and when it does it becomes authorityGovernment gets what it want by threatening people especially in nondemocracysPower to coerce seen as justified in society Need legitimacy to surviveIn democracy people accept the government and that is legitimacyIt is difficult for any large complex society to operate successfully without any legitimacy Some kind of consensus etcSocieties dont always get legitimacyCanada gov cannot use power and coercion when declaring a state emergency Authority is inherited by family or clan or it can derive from religionTotalitarianism Soviet union people cannot resist o Soviet union collapsedone of the reasons is because of lack of legitimacyThe monarchy rule mostly of kings in middle ages kings and queens came up with doctrine to legitimize and called it the divine right of kingswe are in charge because God selected us to be in charge so cant go against thatAs the division of labour increases it fragments people because your occupation has great impact on how you think Before the selection of a governor general in Canada is finalized it needs a seal of approval from Queen she approves the choiceshe always agrees never says no it is traditionTraditional authorities prevails in other parts of life ex authority of parents over childrenPower in modern society is legitimized by rational legal argumentsLaw is rational that is why we legitimize it o Ex law doesnt apply equally to everyone atleast in principal Depends on where you were bornif born in upper crust then you got special treatment o Peers equals can only be tried by other peersnot by other commonersLegal rational authority people stand equal within the law Doesnt matter who you are if you break the law you must suffer the consequencesSuperiors tell people below them what to do inTraditional authority if you were born in aristocrat you were born to ruleNatural rank is tradition We dont have natural rank in bureaucracy
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