SOCA02- Lecture 4.docx

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22 Apr 2012
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SOCA02- Lecture 4
- Trend is for democracy to take more and more of the freedom away
- State begins to feel that they can tell people how to lead their lives (ex. wear safety
helmets when riding motor cycle, why?because the state has to pay if they get injured)
- Beginning of 20th century there wasn’t even an income tax
- Legitimacy= Weber said that power can become legitimized and when it does it becomes
authority
- Government gets what it want by threatening people, especially in non-democracy’s
- Power to coerce= seen as justified in society. Need legitimacy to survive
- In democracy people accept the government and that is legitimacy
- It is difficult for any large complex society to operate successfully without any
legitimacy. Some kind of consensus, etc.
- Societies don’t always get legitimacy
- Canada, gov cannot use power and coercion when declaring a state emergency
- Authority is inherited, by family or clan, or it can derive from religion
- Totalitarianism= Soviet union= people cannot resist
o Soviet union collapsed…one of the reasons is because of lack of legitimacy
- The monarchy (rule mostly of kings) in middle ages- kings and queens came up with
doctrine to legitimize and called it the divine right of kingswe are in charge because
God selected us to be in charge, so can’t go against that
- As the division of labour increases it fragments people because your occupation has great
impact on how you think
- Before the selection of a governor general in Canada is finalized it needs a seal of
approval from Queen (she approves the choice)she always agrees, never says no= it is
tradition
- Traditional authorities prevails in other parts of life (ex. authority of parents over
children)
- Power in modern society is legitimized by rational legal arguments
- Law is rational that is why we legitimize it
o Ex. law doesn’t apply equally to everyone (atleast in principal). Depends on
where you were bornif born in upper crust then you got special treatment
o Peers (equals) can only be tried by other peersnot by other commoners
- Legal- rational authority= people stand equal within the law. Doesn’t matter who you
are, if you break the law you must suffer the consequences
- Superiors tell people below them what to do in
- Traditional authority= if you were born in aristocrat you were born to rule
- Natural rank is tradition. We don’t have natural rank in bureaucracy
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