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SOCA02H3 (398)

CCrime & Deivance.docx

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Malcolm Mac Kinnon

Lecture 08 Crime & Deviance Lets distinguish b/w crime & deviance General term is deviance ( a generic term) is any behaviour that violates cultural norms & produces some type of social reaction Some norms if you break them no criminal sanctions are applied e.g. friendship norms like keep your friends scerets (=betraying trust) if you violate it , the consequences is losing friend but no jail senteces Deviance is sometimes could violate a norm that could get you throw in jail refer to that as criminal deviance which is any deviance violates a law 2 types of deviance criminal and non-criminal deviance Today lecture is about criminal deviance Canadian attitude towards crime crime is big issue in the minds of Canadians Most Canadians feel violence crime is on the rise TV programs that feature crimes is usually the one that is most popular & movies usually do okay as well o They are so formulated same variable goes into mix & repeated ppl still like them Slide 6 Top Canadas show on Primetime Crime shows ( e.g. CSI, CSI Miami, Prison break) at top next is medical (e.g. Greys Anatomy) Several different types of crime (Classification of Crime) Juvenile Delinquency juveniles are treated differently from adults in criminal code ( criminal system) Different sets of laws apply to juvenile not as harsh , generally, as law applies to adults Age w/ which you can be charged as an adult varies generally w/ the crime (there is no set age) how serious offences is and so on E.g. case in US where 12 yrs old was charged as an adult not too many cases like this in Canada Juvenile crime is seen as very serious because it can lead life of crime someone can become persistent offender thats why every opportunity is made to rehab juvenile offenders Last thing you want to do is throw them in prision & as adult offender 2 things wrong w/ that: o when they get throw in prison w/violent offenders there is lot of male rape o another thing is if you put juvenile offenders w/ adult offenders they get taught how to be successful criminals so juvenile offeces every attempt to rehabilitate because labelling Labelling theory is sociological concept that when society labels you very often will live up to that label = people will acquire and identity you from social labeling & then people live up to label given o want to prevent that labelling from happening because younger people are more impressionable labelling is all the more powerful says labelling theorist so REHAB is the big word as opposed to punishment most juvenile offenders are male & usually from lower SES group because the kind of crimes committed are what we call common crimes e.g. stealing cars, drug offenses, assault of various kinds, B and E (Break and Entering), occasionally homicide Next Victimless Crimes sometimes they are called consensual crimes consensual means both parties agree e.g. of these crimes is drugs are victimless crime but there is Qs mark after it because disagreements here whether or not drugs offences are victimless Many criminologist argue that they are victimless crimes In 19 century (1800s) marijuana was legal , morphine & alcohol The use of Lautnam (alcohol and opium) it was widely used in 19 century & civil war during amputation to kill the pain Chloroform was 1 early anaesthetic which didnt come along until end-late of 19 century th Opium was widely used in 19 century and cocaine as well was widely used Freud wrote several papers on medicinal properties of cocaine morphine was widely used not quite strong as heroine & morphine is best painkiller ever found 20 century was the centuries where all of these drugs were made illegal prior to that in western Europe people used them & no one cared about it some ppl used them (came addict) & some just tried and let go those people that become hard users of drugs start on marijuana it is true but its fudgy people do start w/ marijuana then to heroine but not many but around 3.5 million people has smoked marijuana how many went of them went to hard users 0.000001% so argument that marjiuna lead to hard drugs is misrepresentation (for tiny minority of people it does lead in that direction) Not strong argument As of matter most people at age around uni experiment w/ marijuana & give it up and move on w/out using it again Bill Clinton pop but didnt inhale marijuana ( BS) inhaling part is the illegal part consensual/ victimless crime is when both parties agree and there is no victim in the traditional senses drugs are example - when some wants to buy & some want to sell both parties agree to the transaction o to which many people say its a different set up from following where someone has money & someone steals it in which case there is victim & perpetrator but if people agree to transaction & then there is no victim in the traditional sense Came say same thing for gambling where people will take your money & you will give your money (you will place your bet & people will take your bet) but some kinds of gambling are still illegal homeless people are called vagrancy where is the victim in cases of vagrancy & can spend a night in jail for vagrancy vagrancy people who wander around places to places lives by begging usually get picked & spend the night in jail Finally Prostitution is also victimless crime someone wants to less their body & someone wants to buy that body but no victim in the traditional crime o This why when it comes to victimless crimes police forces have to resort to entrapment Entrapment is technique specifically reserve for victimless crime because no will report it since no one is really victim there ( both party dont want say anthing) this lead to police undercover work So in the case of prostitution a young female officer will often pose as prostitute & have a conversation w/ the John ( =is a customer who is recorded) other police officers are listening in & when the deal is finished (agreed upon) the police moves in so female police officer will entice the John into buying the tricks John is then arrested many people are oppose to entrapment because police are not supposed to encourage people to break the law which in way entrapment kind does w/ female police officer walking around and trying to entice person to approach her & fall for tricks while some cases like these have fallen off the courts but for last few years there is shift towards the favour of the police so they can do this White-Collar Crime this kind of crime is important type of crime these are illegal acts com
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