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LECTURE 1.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

LECTURE 1 Methods Modern world dominated by science and its child ie technology Steve jobs was a technology guy thtechnology comes from science New Kids on the block social science who have been around since 19 century ie sociology economics political sciene Science sociaologists knowledge of the world is gainted thru research ie scientific methods Scientific approach can not answer all questions we have abt life indeed some of the most imp ones or existence science cant deal with these issues can not handle ultimate questionsposted online eg science can not answer is it possible to live a meaningful lifeunmoved mover first cause of the universe Science cant give us an answer to that questions on soul also reserved for religions or philosophy Science deals with factual questions that are empirical questions that rep evidence and evidence is obtained frm using the scientific methods Scientific methods brings facts to bear to answer when science talks abt first cause of the universe eg big bang theory it can appeal to usaccording to many physisicists before the big bang Steven Hawkins nuthng existed prior to big bang But its illogical to say that something comes from nothing so something must hve existed prior to universe Now religion says its first cause or godIf we ask what came before big bang you have to employ religion so god figures are existent in religion and main creators of universe Empirical inquiry based on evidence Biggest prob of sociology is it experiencedetermines how we see reality what patterns we see in the world experience here really by and large means culture Experiences in research Values determine wht problems you investigate so for eg if you are an occupy movement type you will use conflict theors comes from mark and occupy types are left wing and Marxists dont lyk capitalism dunt lyk current system of economy investigate inequality exploitations nastiness of the system we live in Stage 2 if feminists you would deal with feminsts issues Stage 3 use feminsits theorists ideas and that will afeect your research Filtering lack of objectivity presence of bias sociological research is not completely objective there are subjective elments involvded in it as mentioned aboeeve How research filters perception
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