march 1st lec.docx

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26 Apr 2012
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Education
Educators call themselves co-parents-tring to replace parent
Mass educational systems we live in today; religion in traditional society was the main source of
knowledge which has been taken over by religion.
Universal mass education is recent and still reserved for wealthy countries; 300 yrs ago most ppl were
illeterat; never attended school. literacy rate in Canada is 99 %.
Education provided uniform socialization; regliious training used to isolate ppl frm surrounded
community not so education; education has become rationalize and standardized;
In US, home schooling-schooling childrent at home bcz they dunt lyk wht schools teach
curriculum in university is decided by course instructor which is called academic ffreedom.
Main concern of religion is whats taught in school; some ppl pay attention to how changes in economy
relate to changes in edu eg steve jobs and steve wozniak lived in California;steve jobs was a better
businessman then steve wozniak; both changed education; sicne all of us using PCs; sociologists look at
how economy influences education; edu has become heavily computerized.
Edu can also influence the economy; when we talk abt steve jobs; its economy influencing edu;
Watson and crick- the double helix-huge discovery; educational research made that change in the
economy
Functional approach and the conflict approach..
Does edu promote equality or inequality?
Functionalism-edu systems are meritocracies- evaluat ppl on merits
Functionalism givem them most promise; brings in ascription here and there bt is less imp then it is in
conflict theory; functionalism goes bak to early French socioligsts of 19th centure i.e 1800s eg COMTE,
Spencer, Parson(19th cent eng man)- they all say education is functional; makes a positive contributions
to society bcz it integrates members in an educational hold;
Conflict theory- economic barriers filter on basis of ability to pay; require academic credentials that are
questionable eg LSATS AND MCATS- lack validity is wht sociologists say as they wont predict how well
you will do in law or med or managt school;these tests are used to exclude ppl; too much relying on
credentials is wht sociologists say; reproduces class difference
Basic diff b.w conflict and functionalism is given to us by Marx and Neo Marxist-edu perpetuates
inequality and causes conflict; conflict theorists say edu results in dissensus-disagree
Functionalists say edu results in consensus
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2 critical variables defined in sociology of edu are:
Achievement- learning a skill u acquire; hard to be measured
Attainment- easy to measure eg certificates; degress earned
Functional approach- edu socializes ppl; in traditional societies are called non-literate-they didn’t read;
and culture is passed on frm family to child and as divison of labout increases, societies becomes
complicated; some ppl call this the knowledge society-the society we live in; this is where parent cant
socialize u eg if dad’s a civil eng and u wanna be an accountant, u hve to socialize urself, he cant help u;
formal edu develops as the div of labor increases, the knowledge society increases
Kinship network can no longer properly socialize a child for successful completion of adult roles infact u
need institutions to do those;
Edu begimes with 3 Rs reading, riting, rithmatic(numeracy).formal curriculam-numeracy and literacy;
Primary school lays foundation then high school, college and uni brachnes out in various directions ;
schools socialize not just by formal curriculum bt by hidden curriculm(hidden curriculm) as well whose
part is to transfer values, beliefs and norms; encourage good behavior like 0 tolerance on violence etc
School teaches discipline and punctuality; gotta be on time and study; all this is part of informal
curriculum; also teaches motivation and achievement- motivation involves long range plan eg wht I want
to do down the road and I will work towards achieveing that plan; school teach that around here,
evrywan is treated equally which is the meritocracy argument(u r treated on merit); part of hidden
curriculum is that edu teaches deferred gratification-u control ur aims for future so u can defer ur wants
for future when u can have them eg get a car when I graduate. Instant gratification- something infants
and children are motivated by eg give it to me now not later
1st funtions of religion is socialization
Nxt function is creativity and discovery; critical thinking ; new discovery is stimulated by research and
unis are involved in this cirticisin old aideas and introducing new ones
3rd function of edu is social integration- aka homogenization; mass edu underlies nationalism-
homogenized poptn and edu facitlitates that process; gellner argues that nation sattes can not develop
widout mass edu; so integration helps bind, unify ppl, forge new alliances into a functioning whole; less
conflict and antagonism in societ
2 models of integration (cnadian model) are:
Soverign union try to integrate uniformity by the way of blah blah.in yugolsavia, 3 places are integrated
around uniformity; it wasn’t successful as when soviet union collapsed, yugolalvia fell into ethnic war,
In Canada, we integrate around diversity-multiculturalism which allows ppl to retain their ethnic identity
which helps them develop a stronger commitment to such a society; this is how multiculturalism is used
to intergrate around diversity in Canada which is better then old Yugoslavia that worked around
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