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Andrew Mc Kinnon

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We will not be covering Politics sectionLecture 5EducationReligious institutions used to control education we still see this in Ontario where there is a separate school board Education is a secondary agent of socialization primary is familyMass education is only about 100 years old mass education is limited to relatively rich countries because it costs a lot of money you cannot maintain a developed countries status without educationonly 10 of worlds countries had system of compulsory mass education ex up to grade 12 all students must go to schoolingwe have a 99 literacy rate so were up there with the top countriesdoes education lead to equality or inequality some people look at how changes in economy relate to changes in how changes in education relate to changes in economyWatson and Crickdecoded DNAbook called Double Helix This took place in universities and lead to the creation of genetic engineering companies so we see the influence of education on the economy here but the economy also influences education ex laptops the guy who created computers Steve Wazniack he took his ideas of the computer to IBM typewriter TV and one more item and showed it to them and said how he can try combining them in a way and they just laughed him off and sent him home so he then went to his basement and put these three things together and created a personalized computer personal creativity This is an example of how the economy can influence educationreligions traditions gave way to a more homogenized culturefunctional approach to education education is competitive they believe in personal achievements instead of ascriptionMeritocracyevaluating people on the basis of ability SainteSimone Compt Spencer and Parsonsearly functionalists and they developed functional theories of educationConflict theorists say that economic barriers exists some people cant pay for education and they challenge the views of functionalistsCultural capitallearning and skills that ensure superior positions in productive activity very important for getting ahead of the world when youre being interviewed the interviewer is looking for your cultural capital once you open your mouth some people can evaluate how much education you have what conflict theorists say is that whoever doesnt have cultural capital are placed at a disadvantage they argue that education is unfair because it promotes inequality this approach comes from Marx and Neomarxists new Marxiststhey say that education leads to unequal access Another way of saying social inequality prevents certain groupsclasses from attending universitiesnowadays the interviewer just assumes you know how to operate a computer so they dont expect to see this on a resumetraditional peoplenonliterate societies like tribal societies In these societies information knowledge is transmitted primarily by the family and by the tribe but as societies become more literate more scientific as they become more technological complex the division of labour increases and schools and educational systems becomes necessary you cant have an advanced scientific society without major educational institutions this is called the knowledge society thesis our society is a knowledge society thats why its becoming more and more important to have a secondary degree or even a postsecondary degree educational system has to properly socialize people to prepare them for adult roles when they go into the societyThe three Rs are reading riting writing and Rithmetic arithmeticliteracy and numeracy if you want to have a sociology degree you must take statistics to complete the numeracy componentcolleges specialize in a practical setting university specializes in a more academic setting and prepares you more for a professionall of these educational components and academic knowledge is part of the curricula the formal curriculumthe informal curriculum the hidden curriculum this is kinda implicit latent and it transmits cultural values beliefs and norms how do schools do this schools encourage good behaviour and discourage bad behaviours this is all part of hidden curriculumwe have a zero tolerance policy for violence this encourages good behaviour so ex a student selfdefended himself but the school sent him home because he acted inviolence the law of the land allows you to protect yourself when you get attacked its called selfdefensemain point sometimes school go overboard in trying to encourage good behavior schools teach how to get along with other people Called sociability because this is evaluated by workplaces later in lifeschools teach discipline esp in university you can do the readings if you want to and punctuality come to lecture if you want tothis is why sometimes employers prefer university students because they have had this hidden socialization so that the organization doesnt have to do it themselvesschools also teach motivation they also teach longrange planning university takes 4 years so you have to plan and be futureorientated you have to be achievement orientatedschools teach that some people are smarter than others effort is what counts though when measuring smartness what separates the smart from dumb is whoever is more motivated to work and whoever puts in more effort so those people we call geniuss have incredible work ethics and just put in so much effortsaround here you are treated alike the rules apply equally to everybody there is no ascriptive preferences its based on performance or meritocracydeferred gratification education also teaches this in the hidden curriculum everybody wants to have a Ferrari plasma TV BMW BUT you cant have that right now maybe later you will so this is a form of discipline you put those needs for later deferred gratification until afterALL THIS IN RED IS PART OF THE HIDDEN CURRICULUMcreativity and discoveryanother functional aspect of educationschools try to stimulate intellectual thinking critical thinking which leads to new ideas primary education teaches you the basics but once you have mastered the basics you can play the game of education with creativity and skill primary school is the Three Rs secondary school allows you to experiment a little more and if
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