Class Notes (923,841)
CA (543,275)
UTSC (33,027)
Sociology (2,442)
SOCA02H3 (398)
Lecture

Lecture Notes from the second half of SOCA02

22 Pages
376 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 22 pages of the document.
Politics
1. Max Weber on Power, Legitimacy and authority
-in antiquity a messenger would come and tell the ruler of bad news and the ruler would say kill him (kill the
messenger)
a) Power
-sociologists disagree on how to define it
-decides what society will do and where it is going
-the ability to achieve desired goals despite resistance (Weber)
-coercion - using force to get what you want
-exercise of power is the business of gov
-state is made of of various institutions that create and carry out policies
-regulates citizens in civil society (the private spheres of life)
-the ability to control others and dist of resources
-when most ppl agree on raw power it becomes authority
-authority is legitimate power and institutionalized
-rule of succession - how does somebody else take over power?
-elections
b) Legitimacy
-power becomes legitimized and then becomes authority
-transforming power into authority (Weber)
-most societies seek to transform power into authority/legitimate power
-in Egypt right now, power lacks legitimacy
c) Authority
-how is power transformed into authority - 3 ways:
(i) Traditional
-inherit authority through fam, plant ties, or monarchy
-son of king gets to be king
-exception = Queen Elizabeth
-pre industrial; pre modern
-power legitimized for respect of long standing customs
-ppl consider social arrangements to be sacred -> feudal europe called the arrangement of society the
golden chain that is pre ordained by god. They are sacred
-monarchy/the throne (old monarchy; today it is just constitutional, no power)
-Devine Rights of Kings -> king is gods representative on earth
-attempt to legitimized kingly power
-church controlled the ceremony that made a king into a king
-breaks down with industrialization/modernization/secularization
-get a more diversity of outlooks; under tradition most ppl have same views/thinking
-as cultural diversity sets in tradition breaks down
-tradition leads to rational legal
www.notesolution.com
-in Cnd -> prime ministers dont claim to rule by the grace of god = no tradition
-in our politics -> governor general is someone recommended by the prime minister by the
queen (doesnt really mean anything though, a nod in the direction of tradition)
-gov general opens parliament and performs traditional ceremonies
-the authority of parents over children is traditional (time out of mind - so long ago we cant remember
when it started)
-patriarchy is traditional
-religion is traditional authority
(ii) Rational Legal
-typical of modern societies
-laws are said to be rational and laws govern how ppl can achieve, transfer and use power
-ie elections every 5 yrs here
-applied equally to everybody, at least in principle (the law says that the law should be equally applied)
-in tradition, the law is unequally applied; in medieval england piers could be only be tried by
his piers but commoners didnt have that right
-if a pier was thrown into prison, he could bring all his servants with him; piers could
not be imprisoned for debt (why they had a hard time borrowing money from ppl b/c of this - they wouldnt pay the
money back b/c they knew they couldnt be punished)
-when authority becomes legal it becomes legitimized in the codification of the law
-an anglo fetish, english were meticulous about codify law
-constitutions codify laws - every citizen has fundamental rights like the right of assembly; right
of speech; freedom of conscious (religious beliefs are your own business)
-equality for the law has posed prob for political leaders -> Clinton was impeached (trying to prove that
person is unfit for office) by republicans on the basis that he broke a law when he lied under oath that he had sexual
relations with monica lawinski and therefore needed to be punished according to the law; the law applies equally to
presidents as everyone else
-Rob lagouavich -> impeached by a state legislature
-prime ministers and presidents are answerable to the law; kings and queens werent, saw themselves as
above the law
-aka Bureaucratic authority
-chain of command -> as you move up the chain authority increases and vice versa going down
-generally superiors in the chain see to it that subordinates follow procedures
-inferiority/superiority not traditional, it is based on achievement (traditional is about being born
into the position)
-ascription vs achievement
-rules are utilitarian -> used to achieve goals
-rules apply equally to everyone - gives rules legitimacy
-tests and exams can lose their legitimacy if cheating becomes widely known and practiced
-ppl specialize (division of labour) -> ppl develop their skills in a given area by focusing their
energy in a particular area
-work specificuthority applies most to ppl at the top of the organization
www.notesolution.com
-paradox -> to be in upper management you have to behave a certain way, make enough
money, dress a certain way
(iii) Charismatic
-under tradition things remain the same -> dull continuity
-disruptive/explosive/volatile
-shattered traditional sys and in the 20th c shattered a rational legal sys in Germany
-can be revolutionary/get rid of tradition/rational legal authority
-based on claims of extraordinary indiv who often say they are inspired by God or some higher principle
-challenge traditional institutions and make new ones
-rational legal authority is abstract, rules apply to everyone, impersonal; charismatic is highly
personalized, attaches to one indiv
-aka irrational
-ppl are appointed/become leaders in charismatic situations b/c they possess special gifts of body and
mind
-ppl find this person to be v attractive and persuasive
-first become a leader through special indiv qualities vs rational legal where an indiv becomes a
leader b/c they follow the rules
-their special gifts arouse emotions
-personal qualities give charismatic authority its legitimacy
-can only define it by its consequences; cant teach somebody to be charismatic
-species magnetism - some ppl have v magnetic presentation of self
-younger = better
-hard to be charismatic under a rational legal sys ie when Obama ran for presidency he was v
charismatic but he will never be able to maintain it b/c his record is subject to public scrutiny; hard to keep charisma
-political charisma
-Hitler -> overturned rational legal authority in Germany; diabolical charisma
-Mao -> China; mobilized millions of ppl to throw down their lives for him
-Mandella
-Ghandi
-Castro
-Guaverra -> allied to Castro
-Profetic religious charisma
-charismatic profits
-Buddha - Buddhism
-Tao - Taoism
-Moses - Judaism
-Muhammed - Muslims
-Christ
-all had a revolutionary impact on global history
-had disciples
-gains legitimacy through tremendous magnetism and his powers are said to be
supernatural/miraculous
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
Politics 1. Max Weber on Power, Legitimacy and authority -in antiquity a messenger would come and tell the ruler of bad news and the ruler would say kill him (kill the messenger) a) Power -sociologists disagree on how to define it -decides what society will do and where it is going -the ability to achieve desired goals despite resistance (Weber) -coercion - using force to get what you want -exercise of power is the business of gov -state is made of of various institutions that create and carry out policies -regulates citizens in civil society (the private spheres of life) -the ability to control others and dist of resources -when most ppl agree on raw power it becomes authority -authority is legitimate power and institutionalized -rule of succession - how does somebody else take over power? -elections b) Legitimacy -power becomes legitimized and then becomes authority -transforming power into authority (Weber) -most societies seek to transform power into authoritylegitimate power -in Egypt right now, power lacks legitimacy c) Authority -how is power transformed into authority - 3 ways: (i) Traditional -inherit authority through fam, plant ties, or monarchy -son of king gets to be king -exception = Queen Elizabeth -pre industrial; pre modern -power legitimized for respect of long standing customs -ppl consider social arrangements to be sacred -> feudal europe called the arrangement of society the golden chain that is pre ordained by god. They are sacred -monarchythe throne (old monarchy; today it is just constitutional, no power) -Devine Rights of Kings -> king is gods representative on earth -attempt to legitimized kingly power -church controlled the ceremony that made a king into a king -breaks down with industrializationmodernizationsecularization -get a more diversity of outlooks; under tradition most ppl have same viewsthinking -as cultural diversity sets in tradition breaks down -tradition leads to rational legal www.notesolution.com -in Cnd -> prime ministers dont claim to rule by the grace of god = no tradition -in our politics -> governor general is someone recommended by the prime minister by the queen (doesnt really mean anything though, a nod in the direction of tradition) -gov general opens parliament and performs traditional ceremonies -the authority of parents over children is traditional (time out of mind - so long ago we cant remember when it started) -patriarchy is traditional -religion is traditional authority (ii) Rational Legal -typical of modern societies -laws are said to be rational and laws govern how ppl can achieve, transfer and use power -ie elections every 5 yrs here -applied equally to everybody, at least in principle (the law says that the law should be equally applied) -in tradition, the law is unequally applied; in medieval england piers could be only be tried by his piers but commoners didnt have that right -if a pier was thrown into prison, he could bring all his servants with him; piers could not be imprisoned for debt (why they had a hard time borrowing money from ppl bc of this - they wouldnt pay the money back bc they knew they couldnt be punished) -when authority becomes legal it becomes legitimized in the codification of the law -an anglo fetish, english were meticulous about codify law -constitutions codify laws - every citizen has fundamental rights like the right of assembly; right of speech; freedom of conscious (religious beliefs are your own business) -equality for the law has posed prob for political leaders -> Clinton was impeached (trying to prove that person is unfit for office) by republicans on the basis that he broke a law when he lied under oath that he had sexual relations with monica lawinski and therefore needed to be punished according to the law; the law applies equally to presidents as everyone else -Rob lagouavich -> impeached by a state legislature -prime ministers and presidents are answerable to the law; kings and queens werent, saw themselves as above the law -aka Bureaucratic authority -chain of command -> as you move up the chain authority increases and vice versa going down -generally superiors in the chain see to it that subordinates follow procedures -inferioritysuperiority not traditional, it is based on achievement (traditional is about being born into the position) -ascription vs achievement -rules are utilitarian -> used to achieve goals -rules apply equally to everyone - gives rules legitimacy -tests and exams can lose their legitimacy if cheating becomes widely known and practiced -ppl specialize (division of labour) -> ppl develop their skills in a given area by focusing their energy in a particular area -work specificuthority applies most to ppl at the top of the organization www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit