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Lecture

SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Moral Insanity, Atavism, Lenord


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Canadians believe that crime is on the rise particularly violent crimes.
Deviance is any behaviour that violates cultural and social norms.
There are consequences for violating a friendship norm but you are not going to jail
Deviance is violating a law that gets you in jail
There are two types of deviance: 1. Criminal Deviance and 2. Non-criminal deviance
Classification of Crime:
Juvenile Delinquency: Different laws than adults. The age and which people are charged are set
by federal law. Juvenile crime is treated with great concern. A great deal of time to rehabilitate
the person. Labelling somebody as a criminal during adolescence can have a powerful impact on
that person’s identity. There is a greater possibility that the juvenile will accept that label and
become a criminal. Young people are more likely to accept labelling.
Most juvenile offenders are male. Female juvenile offenders are more in to shoplifting.
Male offences range from stealing cars, drugs, assault, B and E (break and entering) it can even
go as far as homicide.
Marijuana was legal in the 19th century, morphine, and alcohol.
Many people say drugs, is a victimless crime.
He victim-less crime operates in this way “I want drugs, and someone gives the drugs.”
If you make drugs legal, organized crime would disappear.
Prostitution operates the same way where as police women pose as a hooker and wait for a
“john”, and when money is exchanged, cops rush in
White Collar crime: illegal acts committed by people with high social status in the course of their
occupation
It is a middle-class crime that is different from street crime. The higher classes also committed
crimes. White collar crimes cost society much more than common crimes. The amount stolen by
white collar crimes is 40 times more than is stolen in common crimes.
White collar crimes focus is educational.
Copyright infringement.
Stealing somebody’s song, price fixing (companies collude on what prices they will charge for
one product), all are white collar crimes.
Industrial spying where people would put a “mole” where one spies on research and
development laboratories.
Insider trading is when you make use of knowledge to profit of the stock market. Some people
get caught but it is hard to catch people
Forgery, fraud, having a unsafe work place, selling unsafe products, and pollution are all white
collar crimes
The criminal justice system tends to treat white collar crimes more leniently than street crimes.
White collar crimes don’t cause violence but they cause other harms
A stockbroker was trading illegal in Swiss banks. He received a suspended sentence and a 30 000
fine.
Same crime where a person stole a television, the judge gave him a year in jail.
Ken Lei and Enron engages in fraud and price fixing. Jeffrey skilling from Enron was convicted for
price fixing and they gave him 20 yrs
Martha Stewart was investigated for insider trading. She did not tell the truth in front of a jury,
and she was thrown in jail.
Conrad Black head of Argus corporation who is in prison

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Burney Madoff: stole 50 billion from thousands of people who invested their life savings into his
mutual fund. It was a ponzi scheme (pyramid scheme) operates in this way, You invest in this
mutual fund, and Burnrey pays off 10% interest. He pays you off with the money he receives
from other people.
Organized Crime: typically has an association with specific ethnic groups. It as an equal
opportunity venture. All ethnic groups have tool organized crime in some way or another
In the 1930’s irish ethnic organized crimes. Particularly on docking on the waterfront.
The irish control the waterfront and the Italian waterfront and cicillian look at this territory and
wanted to have that. Eventually the Irish lost and the Italian took over
Myer Lansky was an expert on money longer- ring you conceal the money and invest it in a
business which is a “front” operation. You can send it overseas and put it in a Swiss bank
account.
Laundering money calls for high financial skills. Lansky laundered money for Al Capone.
Russian organized crime is very sophisticated.
Japan has organized crime. The only people who drive black Cadillac are in the organized crime
Chinese Triads crimes, got going 300 years ago.
Vietnamese, and Jamaican organized crime,
Columbian cocaine crimes (drug cartels)Paiblo eskabar is a billionaire in Columbia.
Organized crime in India and Afghanistan. Heroin, popies, and morphine.
Morphine is the best painkiller ever invented
The most powerful and ruthless of organized crime groups are outlaw bikers. These guys are
Caucasian. The top gang are the Hell’s angels.
Rock Machine ended 7-8yrs ago. They were enemies of Hell’s angels
Satan’s choice, Losprados, The chosen few, grim reapers, Vagabonds (outcasts)
Italian organized crime had been virtually been destroyed by good law practices. Omerta (never
squeals) Italian proverb. The Flee bargain is where people say they got the evidence, say the
evidence, and ask the guy if they testify against those people in court, they will give them a
reduced sentence.
Sammy (the bull) Grabano had 25 hits and the FBI had evidence on 5 of them. They said if he
testifies against his boss tuff lan tom, they would give him 6 months.
Sammy (the bull) went to Arizona and took part in the ecstasy trade and is now locked up for 25
yrs.
Organized Crime and Organization
Crime that is highly organized. There is a difference between the business and Criminal
Corporation. One is committed to legal profit and the other is committed to illegal profit.
When you can get it out of the way, they both are actually very similar
Both rely on organization, bureaucracy.
The ends may differ. The goals may differ but the means of how you get to the goal are very
similar. E.g. all bureaucracies have CHAIN OF COMMAND (when you issue commands at the top
they go all the way down to the bottom of the organization)
The people at the bottom are called foot soldiers
It is difficult to catch the top guy in organized crime
There are specialists in organized crime.
Some of the specialities are debt collection. E.g. a baseball bat. You don’t want to kill someone
who owes you money, so you just break a knee cap
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