Class Notes (839,470)
Canada (511,354)
Sociology (2,434)
SOCA02H3 (398)
Lecture

CRIME AND DEVIANCE-seperate one.docx

6 Pages
122 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 6 pages of the document.
Description
CRIME AND DEVIANCE  Canadians believe that crime is on the rise particularly violent crimes.  Deviance is any behaviour that violates cultural and social norms.  There are consequences for violating a friendship norm but you are not going to jail  Deviance is violating a law that gets you in jail  There are two types of deviance: 1. Criminal Deviance and 2. Non-criminal deviance  Classification of Crime:  Juvenile Delinquency: Different laws than adults. The age and which people are charged are set by federal law. Juvenile crime is treated with great concern. A great deal of time to rehabilitate the person. Labelling somebody as a criminal during adolescence can have a powerful impact on that person’s identity. There is a greater possibility that the juvenile will accept that label and become a criminal. Young people are more likely to accept labelling.  Most juvenile offenders are male. Female juvenile offenders are more in to shoplifting.  Male offences range from stealing cars, drugs, assault, B and E (break and entering) it can even go as far as homicide.  Marijuana was legal in the 19 century, morphine, and alcohol.  Many people say drugs, is a victimless crime.  He victim-less crime operates in this way “I want drugs, and someone gives the drugs.”  If you make drugs legal, organized crime would disappear.  Prostitution operates the same way where as police women pose as a hooker and wait for a “john”, and when money is exchanged, cops rush in  White Collar crime: illegal acts committed by people with high social status in the course of their occupation  It is a middle-class crime that is different from street crime. The higher classes also committed crimes. White collar crimes cost society much more than common crimes. The amount stolen by white collar crimes is 40 times more than is stolen in common crimes.  White collar crimes focus is educational.  Copyright infringement.  Stealing somebody’s song, price fixing (companies collude on what prices they will charge for one product), all are white collar crimes.  Industrial spying where people would put a “mole” where one spies on research and development laboratories.  Insider trading is when you make use of knowledge to profit of the stock market. Some people get caught but it is hard to catch people  Forgery, fraud, having a unsafe work place, selling unsafe products, and pollution are all white collar crimes  The criminal justice system tends to treat white collar crimes more leniently than street crimes.  White collar crimes don’t cause violence but they cause other harms  A stockbroker was trading illegal in Swiss banks. He received a suspended sentence and a 30 000 fine.  Same crime where a person stole a television, the judge gave him a year in jail.  Ken Lei and Enron engages in fraud and price fixing. Jeffrey skilling from Enron was convicted for price fixing and they gave him 20 yrs  Martha Stewart was investigated for insider trading. She did not tell the truth in front of a jury, and she was thrown in jail.  Conrad Black head of Argus corporation who is in prison  Burney Madoff: stole 50 billion from thousands of people who invested their life savings into his mutual fund. It was a ponzi scheme (pyramid scheme) operates in this way, You invest in this mutual fund, and Burnrey pays off 10% interest. He pays you off with the money he receives from other people.  Organized Crime: typically has an association with specific ethnic groups. It as an equal opportunity venture. All ethnic groups have tool organized crime in some way or another  In the 1930’s irish ethnic organized crimes. Particularly on docking on the waterfront.  The irish control the waterfront and the Italian waterfront and cicillian look at this territory and wanted to have that. Eventually the Irish lost and the Italian took over  Myer Lansky was an expert on money longer- ring you conceal the money and invest it in a business which is a “front” operation. You can send it overseas and put it in a Swiss bank account.  Laundering money calls for high financial skills. Lansky laundered money for Al Capone.  Russian organized crime is very sophisticated.  Japan has organized crime. The only people who drive black Cadillac are in the organized crime  Chinese Triads crimes, got going 300 years ago.  Vietnamese, and Jamaican organized crime,  Columbian cocaine crimes (drug cartels)Paiblo eskabar is a billionaire in Columbia.  Organized crime in India and Afghanistan. Heroin, popies, and morphine.  Morphine is the best painkiller ever invented  The most powerful and ruthless of organized crime groups are outlaw bikers. These guys are Caucasian. The top gang are the Hell’s angels.  Rock Machine ended 7-8yrs ago. They were enemies of Hell’s angels  Satan’s choice, Losprados, The chosen few, grim reapers, Vagabonds (outcasts)  Italian organized crime had been virtually been destroyed by good law practices. Omerta (never squeals) Italian proverb. The Flee bargain is where people say they got the evidence, say the evidence, and ask the guy if they testify against those people in court, they will give them a reduced sentence.  Sammy (the bull) Grabano had 25 hits and the FBI had evidence on 5 of them. They said if he testifies against his boss tuff lan tom, they would give him 6 months.  Sammy (the bull) went to Arizona and took part in the ecstasy trade and is now locked up for 25 yrs.  Organized Crime and Organization  Crime that is highly organized. There is a difference between the business and Criminal Corporation. One is committed to legal profit and the other is committed to illegal profit.  When you can get it out of the way, they both are actually very similar  Both rely on organization, bureaucracy.  The ends may differ. The goals may differ but the means of how you get to the goal are very similar. E.g. all bureaucracies have CHAIN OF COMMAND (when you issue commands at the top they go all the way down to the bottom of the organization)  The people at the bottom are called foot soldiers  It is difficult to catch the top guy in organized crime  There are specialists in organized crime.  Some of the specialities are debt collection. E.g. a baseball bat. You don’t want to kill someone who owes you money, so you just break a knee cap  There are hit man who specialize in killing. They are almost impossible to catch because there is no motive for that killing other than 25000.  There are money launderers(where people hide money without people noticing)  Panamanian banks used to take narco money and deposit it in their system.  Some of them specialize in drugs.  A mule is someone who carry cocaine in their car  Some of them specialize in prostitution. Primary rule is silence (omerta) don’t squeal under any circumstance  Promotion is based on merit. Both legitimate and illegitimate in the corporation.  There are rules and policies that must be followed, loyalty rules, never rat out organization, if you do you are dead  The police propose the plea bargain where they find someone in an organize crime, go to them and tell them to testify against the top people in the organization. It has worked effectively in the mafia  WHO ARE THE CLIENTS OF ORGANIZED CRIME?  You and me, “respectable” citizens keep organized crime in business. They provide illegal and good services.  There is a demand out there for strippers. Outlaw bikers provide many of the stripper joints with people who would do the dance  The demand for prostitutes is also in demand in that area as well  Organized crime connects to the legitimate world through raft and corruption  Crime like this exists on a large scale with people being paid off e.g. paying off the police, judges, and jurors.  Several major trials have failed because jurors have been corrupted  They also had journalists where they wrote favourable articles of Al Capone.  Paublo Eskabar spent millions of dollars of corruption in Columbia  The income of organized crime Loan sharkingpeople who loan money are like sharks. Organized crime make 0.2% from Loan sharking, If you need money and your credit rating is terrible, no credit union would lend you money, or friends etc. The one catch of lending money, is the interest on the loan would be 10% a day.  Prostitution 2.4% of organized crime’s income  The demand for prostitution never stops. There is always the possibility of making a lot of income.  Porno 4.4% of organized crime’s income. Before the internet came along, Bob ray was the premier of Ontario,  Gambling makes 2.5% of their organized crime income. Their used to be gold in gambling but the government saw the light and wondered why organized crime should get all of that money.  There are lotteries, gambling casinos, Aboriginal reserves are separate legal entities. They sell cigarettes, and there are no tax on the cigarettes.  Chump change 87.8% of all the revenues collected by organized crime come from DRUGS!!!!  The
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit