oThe point he makes is that criminals have identifiable traits.
•Point he makes is that criminals have identifiable traits (Eg. Shifty eyes, red hair,
men with receding hair lines). These were known as stigmatas. Is this claim true?
No, the eveidence is lacking for this to be true.
•Random sample of criminals, are people who have been convicted of crime. The best
sample to collect is at Prison. Collect the sample at prison and collect it at non
prisons. Try to make the sample as close as possible to rule out all factors then
compare the two samples on the Stigmata. Lombrozzo didn’t do that but Charles
Goring. Charles Goring tested Lombrozzo in his book, the English convict of 1913.
He collected a smaple of criminals and compared it to the sample of non criminals
and he found no difference.
oThis idea is that criminals
oWilliam Sheldon – criminality is related to body type.
oEndomorph - stout, round, non-athletic.
oEctomorph – tall, slim, delicate. (non-athletic)
oMesomorph – Muscular, agile, athletic.
oCriminals tend to be mesomorphs.
oGluecks is a husband and wife combo, they published a book called physique and
delequency. They replicated Sheldons study and work. They compared the sample of
500 delicrants (?) with a sample of 500 non deliquants (?). Gluecks found a ??? of
mesomorphs in their delicants. There were more mesomorphs in their delinquent
oHeavy musculature in some way relates to criminal behavior.
oSocial forces interact with body type.
oCasting director is trying to pick a cast for an action movie. Your looking for an
action hero. You wouldn’t pick Woody Allen. You would pick The Rock or Arnold
Schwarzenegger. Stone Cold Steve Austin.
oMuscular guy is more selected to be a leader of a gang than a Woody Allen type.