Class Notes (978,146)
CA (576,173)
UTSC (35,139)
Sociology (2,460)
SOCA02H3 (398)
Mc Kinon (57)
Lecture

Education part 2

8 Pages
123 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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17 EDUCATION
17.1 THE RIOT IN ST. LEONARD
-Riot occurred September 10th, 1969
-St. Leonard riot recognized as turning point in Quebec history
-Riot ultimately ended in Bill 101
-Bill 101:
oFrench is language of public administration
oBusinesses w/ 50+ employees should operate mainly in French
-Bill 101 ensured that in Quebec, children of immigrants be required to receive
primary and secondary schooling in French
-Before the riot:
o90 percent of children in the public schools were neither English nor French
speaking background
oSt. Leonard school board had in influx of Italian residents in 1963
-Basically Quebec wanted French to be the main language in schools and those that
werent of French descent (like Italians) had a problem with that and took their kids
out of the public schools and organized their own basement schools
-In 1976 when parti quebecois won their first election, they enacted Bill 101, and
immigrants children were restricted to French schools by law...
17.2 MASS EDUCATION: AN OVERVIEW
-Education has displaced organized religion as the main purveyor of formal
knowledge
-Education is second most important agent of socialization
-A century ago most ppl in the world did not attend school
-Today more than half the ppl in developing nations are illiterate (India)
-in 2001 Cdn adults enjoyed more years of formal education than any other ppl in the
world did
-university mass education is limited to relatively wealth countries
-for most of history, families were responsible for socializing the young and training
them to perform adult roles
-only small urban minority had much use for reading and writing skills
otypically trained in religious institutions
othe churchs authority depended on the inability of ppl to read the bible
oWilliam Tyndale burned at the stake for his efforts to translate the bible in
1536
Uniform Socialization
-Creating systems of education that had sufficient resources to include all children
was a social change of breathtaking scope
-Training in families was unorganized and unequal, religious training was never
widely available
-These forms of instructions were replaced by a centralized and rationalized system
-Diversity among families, regions, religious traditions gradually gave way to
homogenized indoctrination into a common culture
www.notesolution.com
-Canada was an exception b/c the provinces recognized separate school systems for
Catholics and protestants
-Effective mass education was achieved only thru laws that made attendance
compulsory
oTruant officers (special police)tracked down absentees (kids that cut class)
-1/200 children is home-schooled, 5% of families send kids to private schools, 94% put
them in public schools
Rising Levels of Education
-1951, fewer than 1/50 Cdns had completed a university degree
-2001, 51% of all adults had completed post-secondary training
-Post-secondary training is increasingly widespread because education is the most
visible option for improving employment opportunities
-Educational attainment: is the number of years of schooling successfully
completed or, for higher learning, the degrees or certificates earned
-Educational achievement: is the actual learning of valuable skills and knowledge
-Attainments come to differ b/c whether an individual goes on to complete another
year of school involves selection
-Selection takes many forms and reflects various influences
oSome fail to continue by dropping out and some fail by not pursuing
additional programs after completing earlier ones
-Non-academic factors, including family background play a role in the rates of
completion of education
Individual Advantages and Disadvantages
-Unemployment rates rose and fell between 1991 and 2000
-Education enhances earnings prospects
-High school dropouts are most often found among the lowest earners
-Uni. Graduates are opposite
-Ppl w/ every level of education may be found at each level of earnings but more
education and better earnings tend to go together
The Rise of Mass Schooling
-Sociologist highlight 4 factors that the spread of mass schooling:
oDevelopment of printing press that led to inexpensive book production
Introduced by Johann Gutenberg in 1436
Cheap books fostered demand for schools to teach children the useful
art of reading
oProtestant Reformation
In early 16th century, Martin Luther (German monk) criticized the
catholic church
Protestantism grew out of his criticisms
The rise was a spur popular literacy
oSpread of democracy
Rise of political democracy led to free education for all children
www.notesolution.com
oIndustrialism
Mass Schooling and National Wealth
-Industrialization was the fourth reason for the rise of mass schooling
oMass education was widely recognized as an absolute necessity for creating
an industrial economy
oIndustrial revolution began in England
oGermany and US soon caught up and surpassed England
Germany and US had school systems that offered places to nearly all
young ppl
oGermany had the finest uni.s in the world (mostly science research)
oThey were directly copied first by the US and then by the rest of the world
oEducation is not only a source of wealth but a product of wealth (edu. Is
expensive)
17.3 THE FUNCTIONS OF EDUCATION
Unintended Functions
-Schools concentrate young ppl into a small number of places
-Unintended consequences arise from segregating ppl by age and forcing them to
spend so much of their time together
oi.e. Schools encourage the development of a separate youth culture that often
conflicts w/ parents values
oa significant number of ppl from minority groups experience school as
alienating b//c they are seen as being low on the peer rankings that prevail
-educational institutions bring potential mates together “marriage market
-assortative mating: occurs when marriage partners are selected so that spouses
are similar on various criteria of social rank
- many ppl marry who have extremely similar academic qualifications like degrees in
the same field
-schools also perform a custodial service by keeping kids under surveillance and
freeing parents to work
-uni. And colleges keep young adults out of the labour force restricting competition
and supporting wage levels
-educational institutions become schools of dissent
The Logic of Industrialism
-logic of industrialism: is a specification by functionalist theorists of requirements
that social institutions would have to satisfy before industrialism could be achieved.
Central among these was an education system massive enough to train a large
number of ppl to a common cultural standard and rich enough to provide specialized
scientific and technical training for the chosen few. OW.
-Industrialism was equated w/ the widespread application of science and technology
-Education had to expand to increase both the amount of general education and
specialist education
-....weird
www.notesolution.com

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Description
17 EDUCATION 17.1 THE RIOT IN ST. LEONARD - Riot occurred September 10 , 1969 - St. Leonard riot recognized as turning point in Quebec history - Riot ultimately ended in Bill 101 - Bill 101: o French is language of public administration o Businesses w 50+ employees should operate mainly in French - Bill 101 ensured that in Quebec, children of immigrants be required to receive primary and secondary schooling in French - Before the riot: o 90 percent of children in the public schools were neither English nor French speaking background o St. Leonard school board had in influx of Italian residents in 1963 - Basically Quebec wanted French to be the main language in schools and those that werent of French descent (like Italians) had a problem with that and took their kids out of the public schools and organized their own basement schools - In 1976 when parti quebecois won their first election, they enacted Bill 101, and immigrants children were restricted to French schools by law... 17.2 MASS EDUCATION: AN OVERVIEW - Education has displaced organized religion as the main purveyor of formal knowledge - Education is second most important agent of socialization - A century ago most ppl in the world did not attend school - Today more than half the ppl in developing nations are illiterate (India) - in 2001 Cdn adults enjoyed more years of formal education than any other ppl in the world did - university mass education is limited to relatively wealth countries - for most of history, families were responsible for socializing the young and training them to perform adult roles - only small urban minority had much use for reading and writing skills o typically trained in religious institutions o the churchs authority depended on the inability of ppl to read the bible o William Tyndale burned at the stake for his efforts to translate the bible in 1536 Uniform Socialization - Creating systems of education that had sufficient resources to include all children was a social change of breathtaking scope - Training in families was unorganized and unequal, religious training was never widely available - These forms of instructions were replaced by a centralized and rationalized system - Diversity among families, regions, religious traditions gradually gave way to homogenized indoctrination into a common culture www.notesolution.com
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