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SOCA02H3 (398)
Lecture

SOCA02- Lecture 3&4 (Work).docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon
Semester
Winter

Description
SOCA02- January 26, 2012 Sociology of Work  Great transformation  Productivity has increased enormously eg. Farming today o Productivity is related to wealth; more productive, more wealthy  Adam Smith says prices are determined by supply and demand o Low supply  high demand  high prices  Staples: resources, such as timber, minerals, oil, fish and other raw materials  Division of labour (specialization) increases; the more specialized work tasks, the more division of labour; sociology is specialization in the social sciences  The economy- primary sector- Canada used to rely almost totally on the primary sector until th about the 19 century  secondary sector o Now, it is a service economy- modern economics  Agricultural Revolution- band societies, hunter gatherers, not sematic; nomadic  Industrial Revolution  first machine is the steam engine; other mechanical technology which advanced human power  Post-industrial Revolution is the service revolution; industrial jobs are moved offshore, now a service economy o As industries move away, these semi-skilled labour positions disappear  The Great transformation began in England; and it became a world economic power; in the early 1800s; factories produced more wealth than agriculture causing the proportion of people in the agriculture sector to decrease  In Canada, marketing boards do not allow farmers to produce an unlimited amount of eggs  Urbanization increases; most people live in towns and cities  The growth of money; becomes a medium of exchange  Organization of work is transformed; peasants decide to work for lords; relationship relies on loyalty; today work is all about this- employers pay employees to work; during hard times, lords had to take care of peasants  We used to do whole/big tasks which took a lot of skill/training o Narrow division of labour is called work alienation by sociologists o Work becomes repetitive, unchallenging, boring; ideal of craftsmanship is lost  Canada’s industrialization was behind England and America; began in 1850 o Mostly related to raw materials rather than finished products o It was a free market economy until 1850 o Southern Ontario led Canadian industrialization; East Coast industrialized first but further from America; Quebec as well  CPR finished in 1885; Peterborough- “Lift-Lock City”- canals o Transportation mega projects- constructed by poorly paid labour  At Confederation, 50% of Canadian labour force
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