Class Notes (834,934)
Canada (508,830)
Sociology (2,430)
SOCA02H3 (398)

SOCA02- Lecture 3&4 (Work).docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Malcolm Mac Kinnon

SOCA02- January 26, 2012 Sociology of Work  Great transformation  Productivity has increased enormously eg. Farming today o Productivity is related to wealth; more productive, more wealthy  Adam Smith says prices are determined by supply and demand o Low supply  high demand  high prices  Staples: resources, such as timber, minerals, oil, fish and other raw materials  Division of labour (specialization) increases; the more specialized work tasks, the more division of labour; sociology is specialization in the social sciences  The economy- primary sector- Canada used to rely almost totally on the primary sector until th about the 19 century  secondary sector o Now, it is a service economy- modern economics  Agricultural Revolution- band societies, hunter gatherers, not sematic; nomadic  Industrial Revolution  first machine is the steam engine; other mechanical technology which advanced human power  Post-industrial Revolution is the service revolution; industrial jobs are moved offshore, now a service economy o As industries move away, these semi-skilled labour positions disappear  The Great transformation began in England; and it became a world economic power; in the early 1800s; factories produced more wealth than agriculture causing the proportion of people in the agriculture sector to decrease  In Canada, marketing boards do not allow farmers to produce an unlimited amount of eggs  Urbanization increases; most people live in towns and cities  The growth of money; becomes a medium of exchange  Organization of work is transformed; peasants decide to work for lords; relationship relies on loyalty; today work is all about this- employers pay employees to work; during hard times, lords had to take care of peasants  We used to do whole/big tasks which took a lot of skill/training o Narrow division of labour is called work alienation by sociologists o Work becomes repetitive, unchallenging, boring; ideal of craftsmanship is lost  Canada’s industrialization was behind England and America; began in 1850 o Mostly related to raw materials rather than finished products o It was a free market economy until 1850 o Southern Ontario led Canadian industrialization; East Coast industrialized first but further from America; Quebec as well  CPR finished in 1885; Peterborough- “Lift-Lock City”- canals o Transportation mega projects- constructed by poorly paid labour  At Confederation, 50% of Canadian labour force
More Less

Related notes for SOCA02H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.