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SOCA02H3 (403)
Lecture

SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Donella Meadows, David Koresh, Environmentalism

11 pages25 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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RELIGIONS
North American Classification of Religions
North American scholars werent satisfied with European classification of system
Some religions are churches
oChurch is bureaucratic
Strict hierarchy pope and everything else under that
oBureaucracies have regulations that need to be followed
Churches were found in Europe
Sects breakaway European groups
oBroke away from churches
oGenerally have fewer members, less bureaucratic
oQuakers are not bureaucratic at all
Dont need to be a minister or priest anyone can be a Quaker
NA scholars found the classification system unsatisfactory for NA
North America was born in religious freedom
oPeople who came here were looking for religious freedom
oThere were approximately 3000 religious groups (some cults, some closed
cults, some open cults, and some sects)
oThere was a strict separation of states
Ecclesia state supported churches
oIn Sudan
oTolerance is limited
oDenomination various streams of beliefs and practice that some churches
allow to coexist under their overarching authority
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oSimilar to church
oApostasy someone who preaches false doctrine
Protestant particular in England
oAnglicanism rule the state for about a 100 years till 1688,
Theocratic ecclesia
oIran is the best example because large number of religious people also ruled
Christianity has never developed theocratic system because it did not have the power
to carry it out
oReason: law
Civil law in Rome and Europe
Canon law controlled business in medieval period
Ecclesia England had common laws
oCommon law the law of the common people
This resisted the canon law
Jealous of people who operated under canon
Civil law Rome
Canon law Ancient England
Sharia law Islam
Lawyers go back 1000 years. Common lawyers were always hostile to religious forms
of law.
Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamian and Middle East operated on the basis of bureaucracy
where the emperor/king was also God
Denomination older or well-established form of government that existed in ..?
Anglicanism came close to ecclesia about 100 years ago because common lawyers
pushed back
Denomination example:
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oIn Quebec, 1960s, catholic church was powerful
oMethodists
oThe United Church
oHindus
oMuslims
oCoptic Christians
oGreek orthodox
oBuddhism
NA/United church is an excellent place to study the change from sect into religion
Denominations are more sedate and less hostile to the world we live in
Sects see world as a dangerous place to live in
oStay away from the outsiders
Cults
Cults are difficult to define
Tons of denomination and cults in North America
They play new forms of worship
They are deviant (nothing negative implied)
oStand outside of denominations which tends to be more often led by
charismatic leaders
oOffer new way of being saved
onew dispensation Max Webber
Open cults (New Age Spirituality)
oEnvironmentalism
Gaia Mater (mother earth)
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