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Lecture

SOCA02H3 Lecture Notes - Labeling Theory, Psychopathy, Red Hair

5 Pages
70 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Mc Kinon

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CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Labeling theory has been influential
oNo theory of crime has lead to be accepted by majority of sociologists
Sociology makes crime terms on socio work
Individual factors like choice get into this which dont lend themselves to research
Theories of crime started off from biology
oLook at the physical foundation of criminality
ocriminality is inherited
Sociopathy the predominant trait is that people are unable to empathize with
others
oEmpathy is the ability to read other peoples intentions and include sympathy
Sociopaths lack the ability to empathize
oThey are psychopaths
We still have some bio theories today
Cesare Lombroso the first criminologist
oLombroso was regarded in his day as authority of crime
oHis ideas were accepted
oBook: Crime Causes Remedies (1911)
Crime shows are popular in public (movies dealing with mob)
Lombroso was a convinced criminal behavior was inborn-biological in origin
Describes criminal as an atavistic type this come from evolution theory
We distinguish from other animals; all humans have a highly developed moral sense
a sense of what is right and wrong and we build these mortal castles around this,
religion, law, political ideology based on this
Lombroso said some humans are not fully evolved when it comes to mortality, they
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are lacking when it comes to morality. They dont have a highly developed moral
sense
Criminals lack highly developed moral sense
Criminal throwback in evolutionary development uncivilized people
Atavistic meaning they belong in another point in time
oCriminals are prehuman before humans fully evolved
Criminals lack the biological material required for highly evolved
moral sensibility
Called criminals are degenerate. Degeneracy implies biological and moral defect
and uses terms like moral insanity
Lombroso thought criminals have identifiable traits
oRed hair people, men who have hairlines, and shift eyes are criminals called
all of these traits stigmata
Armchair reflection your mind comes with conclusions with science, you must test
this hypothesis! What you have to do is collect random sample of criminals and a
random sample of non-criminals. Then you compare the two samples on these
stigmata, Lombroso didnt do this, but Charles Gory did. He tested Lombrosos
hypothesis in 1919 in his book The English Convict. He compared criminal and
noncriminal sample on the stigmata that were mentioned by Lombroso and found no
evidence for it to be true. Lombrosos idea was proven wrong.
This idea that criminality is in the genes was still around in 1940.
oWilliam Sheldon was convinced that criminality was related to body types.
Classified body types: endomorphs (round, stout, non-athletic, short), ectomorphs
(tall, slim, non-athletic, delicate, muscular frame), mesomorphs (muscular, agile,
and athletic)
Sheldon found that criminals tend to have a muscular body type. Criminals tend to
be mesomorph than other body types.
Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck published a book called Physic and Delinquency
compared 500 delinquents with a carefully matched sample of non-delinquents,
confirmed Sheldon. Gluecks’ found that in their delinquent sample, there were many
mesomorphs than with the non-delinquent sample, confirming Sheldons theory
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Description
CRIME AND DEVIANCE Labeling theory has been influential o No theory of crime has lead to be accepted by majority of sociologists Sociology makes crime terms on socio work Individual factors like choice get into this which dont lend themselves to research Theories of crime started off from biology o Look at the physical foundation of criminality o criminality is inherited Sociopathy the predominant trait is that people are unable to empathize with others o Empathy is the ability to read other peoples intentions and include sympathy Sociopaths lack the ability to empathize o They are psychopaths We still have some bio theories today Cesare Lombroso the first criminologist o Lombroso was regarded in his day as authority of crime o His ideas were accepted o Book: Crime Causes Remedies (1911) Crime shows are popular in public (movies dealing with mob) Lombroso was a convinced criminal behavior was inborn-biological in origin Describes criminal as an atavistic type this come from evolution theory We distinguish from other animals; all humans have a highly developed moral sense a sense of what is right and wrong and we build these mortal castles around this, religion, law, political ideology based on this Lombroso said some humans are not fully evolved when it comes to mortality, they www.notesolution.com
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