Class Notes (837,059)
Canada (510,042)
Sociology (2,430)
SOCA02H3 (398)
Mc Kinon (57)


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Mc Kinon

17 EDUCATION 17.1 THE RIOT IN ST. LEONARD - Riot occurred September 10 , 1969 - St. Leonard riot recognized as turning point in Quebec history - Riot ultimately ended in Bill 101 - Bill 101: o French is language of public administration o Businesses w 50+ employees should operate mainly in French - Bill 101 ensured that in Quebec, children of immigrants be required to receive primary and secondary schooling in French - Before the riot: o 90 percent of children in the public schools were neither English nor French speaking background o St. Leonard school board had in influx of Italian residents in 1963 - Basically Quebec wanted French to be the main language in schools and those that werent of French descent (like Italians) had a problem with that and took their kids out of the public schools and organized their own basement schools - In 1976 when parti quebecois won their first election, they enacted Bill 101, and immigrants children were restricted to French schools by law... 17.2 MASS EDUCATION: AN OVERVIEW - Education has displaced organized religion as the main purveyor of formal knowledge - Education is second most important agent of socialization - A century ago most ppl in the world did not attend school - Today more than half the ppl in developing nations are illiterate (India) - in 2001 Cdn adults enjoyed more years of formal education than any other ppl in the world did - university mass education is limited to relatively wealth countries - for most of history, families were responsible for socializing the young and training them to perform adult roles - only small urban minority had much use for reading and writing skills o typically trained in religious institutions o the churchs authority depended on the inability of ppl to read the bible o William Tyndale burned at the stake for his efforts to translate the bible in 1536 Uniform Socialization - Creating systems of education that had sufficient resources to include all children was a social change of breathtaking scope - Training in families was unorganized and unequal, religious training was never widely available - These forms of instructions were replaced by a centralized and rationalized system - Diversity among families, regions, religious traditions gradually gave way to homogenized indoctrination into a common culture
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