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Lecture

Compass Chapter 22: Technology & Global Environment

10 Pages
161 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Chapter 22: Technology & Global Environment
March 8, 2011 March 15, 2011
Natural environment air, water, soil, other necessary things to survive
Sociologists are interested in studying this topic since acid rain, global warming all
arise from humans instead of occurring naturally
Because humans create some environmental problems, acid rain (SO2) in global
warming humans put SO2 and CO2 which make environmentalism a social issue
Environmental issues encourage a global outlook despite political divisions across
the world, or else the world is a single eco-system
Eco (greek: house) globe is our home and in this home things are interrelated
oN. America people are hooked with hamburgers McDonalds is taken over by
Subway
oOur demand in beef causes an expansion in branching in America
oCattle requires grassland and they clear forests to acquire grassland
Plants absorb CO2 and produces O2 into the environment
Technology in Environment
oHunters gather, for instance, use a stone age technology which has minimum
impact on the environment
oHortic cultural society small scale farming
Pascal Brucrmer the Tears of the White Man: Compassion and Contempt
Third Worldism
Rousseau the Noble Sausage
Smarmy Racism self satisfaction, self indulge
Pocanontas
Dances with Nobles
Avatar
Misanthrope
www.notesolution.com
Paternalism
Environmental deficit is reversible
oShort term gain: pollution & long term pain
o1980, Washington state Mount St. Helens Volcano envirnonmentalists
thought it would take decades to recover but the recovery in fact only took
almost 5 years
oSalmons comeback = pollution is @ a minimum
oOil spill @ Gulf Mexico
People still cant find out the causes of the oil spill
Off the coast to California over a 5 year period oil seeps from the
underground into the ocean
2Impose Limits on Growth?
a.Freight train of growth
i. Money can buy things that make us happy
1.Negative population growth is associated with money growth
2.Control population growth and will stabilize around 2050
3.Substitution raw materials are not yet exhausted but keep
finding more instead
ii. Progress future affluence will succeed today’s affluence
iii. Science will make things easier and more rewarding
iv.Logic of growth
1.Negative population growth is associated with money growth
2.Control population growth and is expecting to stabilize around
2050
3.Substitution raw materials
4.Oil shock around 1950s high tech pollution devices
www.notesolution.com
5.Cost effective recycling operations
a.Recycle aluminum
b.Environmentally refrigerants
c.New ways of running air conditioners
d.Hybrid cars
6.Human creativity will help solve environmental issues
b. Infinite population, finite planet?
i. Misanthrope someone who hates humans
1.The worlds first major nuclear reactor accident occurred in
December 1952 at the Chalk River nuclear facility about 125
kilometres (8- miles) northwest of Ottawa
2.Environmentalists succeeded in getting DDT banned which
killed mosquitoes that spread malaria in the southern part of
US and Europe which greatly added to the pop problem
ii. Catholic church deadly sins of avarice we can easily carried
away by the sins and avarice & we have to suffer our own
consequences
iii. Clean air, clean water, top soil are finite resources and will be
exhausted soon and once they are exhausted our world will come to an
end
iv.Malthusian Pessimists when we have infinite population and with
finite planet we start to consume fewer resources and be frugal.
However, along the way humans will forget about it and consumption
thus will increase again, creating a vicious cycle
v.Resource exploitation - if not, environmental collapse
vi. Donella Meadows, Limits of Growth, 1972
1.Rate of pop growth
2.Amount of arable land (=land used for farming)
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 22: Technology & Global Environment March 8, 2011 March 15, 2011 Natural environment air, water, soil, other necessary things to survive Sociologists are interested in studying this topic since acid rain, global warming all arise from humans instead of occurring naturally Because humans create some environmental problems, acid rain (SO2) in global warming humans put SO2 and CO2 which make environmentalism a social issue Environmental issues encourage a global outlook despite political divisions across the world, or else the world is a single eco-system Eco (greek: house) globe is our home and in this home things are interrelated o N. America people are hooked with hamburgers McDonalds is taken over by Subway o Our demand in beef causes an expansion in branching in America o Cattle requires grassland and they clear forests to acquire grassland Plants absorb CO2 and produces O2 into the environment Technology in Environment o Hunters gather, for instance, use a stone age technology which has minimum impact on the environment o Hortic cultural society small scale farming Pascal Brucrmer the Tears of the White Man: Compassion and Contempt Third Worldism Rousseau the Noble Sausage Smarmy Racism self satisfaction, self indulge Pocanontas Dances with Nobles Avatar Misanthrope www.notesolution.com
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