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Lecture

Compass Chapter 16: Religion

10 Pages
92 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Chapter 16: Religion
March 1, 2011 March 8, 2011
Interested in investigating religion in the form of social force
Contribution of religion is social change
Religions governs fewer aspects of life than it used to
Thomas Theorem
oWhat people define to be true is true in its consequences
Beliefs influence society
Cheddar cheese cult
Believes that the moon is made up of cheese
Gathering @ farmers field and eat cheddar cheese all night
long
Cheddar cheese = everlasting life
Social impact lead to shortages of cheese and prices go up
Leon Festinger, When prophecy fails
oAtheists, agnostics (maybe a creator, maybe not) priest, pantheist
(environmentalism);
oWilliam Goldins, The Gaia Hypothesis
Believes that the earth is a living creature
oBelief in the spaceship
oGlobal warming as a religion remains unchanged regardless of differences
oAtheism
new atheists
Investigates the existence and non-existence of God for years
Paganism (Polythesim)
www.notesolution.com
oBlood-letting performed for over 2000 years, up until the end of the 19
th
century
oUse super natural qualities to answer questions
oAssociated with worship of nature
o
Religiosity
oAttend places of worship since this is socially acceptable
oYoung people attend worships since their parents asked them to
oSome people attend for business reasons make contacts after services
oReligious involvement in Canada
oSociologists use religiosity to capture the religious commitment
oCan measure religiosity in various ways:
Strength of belief
Emotional attachment to a religion
Knowledge about a religion
Frequency of performing rituals
Frequency of apply religious principles in daily life
oSocial factors connected to religiosity include:
Obligation those obligated to attend religious services, such as
preteens, attend more regularly
Opportunity those with more opportunity for religious service
attendance such as seniors, attend more often (since death is just the
corner)
Need those who have more need of religion, such as seniors attend
more often
Learning those whose parents attended religious services frequently
are more likely to do so
www.notesolution.com
Secularization
oVale of tears life is tough and life span is only 35 years and diseases furge
oBlack plague
40% of population died in Europe
Presecular response (catholic church) was prayer
Gods punishment for human sin
Flaggelants travel everywhere and spread the black plague
oNo legal rights
oPeople belong to people ex. peasants belong to lords as chattels (=belongings)
oPremature death, painful death
Medication
Blood letting
oMedical way of treating sicknesses
oMajor medical device but kills a lot of people
oTake blood from people
oThe more sick you are, the more blood drawn out of your
body
oMany people died from loss of blood
oFamine
Grow enough just to survive
othis worldly
Religions themselves become more secular, focus less on worldly things
(like death) and more on this world
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 16: Religion March 1, 2011 March 8, 2011 Interested in investigating religion in the form of social force Contribution of religion is social change Religions governs fewer aspects of life than it used to Thomas Theorem o What people define to be true is true in its consequences Beliefs influence society Cheddar cheese cult Believes that the moon is made up of cheese Gathering @ farmers field and eat cheddar cheese all night long Cheddar cheese = everlasting life Social impact lead to shortages of cheese and prices go up Leon Festinger, When prophecy fails o Atheists, agnostics (maybe a creator, maybe not) priest, pantheist (environmentalism); o William Goldins, The Gaia Hypothesis Believes that the earth is a living creature o Belief in the spaceship o Global warming as a religion remains unchanged regardless of differences o Atheism new atheists Investigates the existence and non-existence of God for years Paganism (Polythesim) www.notesolution.com
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