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Lecture

Politics

2 Pages
74 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Sociology II Feb/17/11
Politics Lecture
The state and civil society
-
Political sociology mainly concerned with institutions that specialize in exercise of power
and author ity
The state: Comprises institutions that for mulate and car r y out country’s laws and public
policies
In performing these functions, the state regulates citizens in civil society, or private
sphere of social life
Power is the most impor tant part in politics
What is Politics? Key terms
Politics is machine that determineswho gets what, when, and how (Lasswell, 1936)
Power - the ability to control others, even against their will - fuels the machine
Use of power sometimes involves force
When most people basically agree with how political machine is r un, raw power becomes
authority, which is legitimate, institutionalized power
Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified
Power is institutionalized when norms and statuses of social organizations govern its use
Key people
Karl Marks, Max Weber.
Succession. Norms able to transfer power to one and to the other. Principle and agents
theory. Naked power to keep an a eye on people such as CEIS.
Weber and Authority
Weber described three ideal bases on which authori ty can rest:
1. Traditional author ity: Is the nor m in tribal and feudal societies and involves rul ers
inheriting authori ty through family or clan ties
Right of family or clan to monopolize leadership is widely believed to derive from the
will of a god
2. Legal-rational authority: Is typical of modern societies, and derives from respect for the
law, which people generally believe are rational
Laws specify how a person can achieve office; if someone achieves of fice by following
these laws, people respect his or her author ity…
Time out of mind- history cant record when recalling the beginning of time.
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Description
Sociology II Feb1711 Politics Lecture The state and civil society - Political sociology mainly concerned with institutions that specialize in exercise of power and authority The state: Comprises institutions that formulate and carry out countrys laws and public policies In performing these functions, the state regulates citizens in civil society, or private sphere of social life Power is the most important part in politics What is Politics? Key terms Politics is machine that determines who gets what, when, and how (Lasswell, 1936) Power - the ability to control others, even against their will - fuels the machine Use of power sometimes involves force When most people basically agree with how political machine is run, raw power becomes authority, which is legitimate, institutionalized power Power is legitimate when people regard its use as morally correct or justified Power is institutionalized when norms and statuses of socia
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