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Lecture

religion

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCA02H3
Professor
Malcolm Mac Kinnon

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Lecture 7 and 8Religion
oDurkheim, Marx, Weberwerent concerned whether religions are true or false, they were just
interested in the type of social force they had. The impact of religion in social change and
organization.
oWeber related religion to capitalism
oW.I Thomas Thomas Theoremwhat people define to be true is true in its consequences.
Beliefs enable people to think that social forces exist, regardless whether the religion is true or
not.
oCheddar cheese cult: the moon is made up of cheese, and it gives an ever lasting life.
oLeon Festingerwhen prophecy fails it creates those who doubt like atheists, agnostics (who
arent sure about god).
Deist, pantheists—environmentalism
oWilliam GoldingThe Gala Hypothesis
oDiscomformists rationalize a way (like modern environmentalists)
oUltimate questions about religion—supernatural judgements—true or divinely inspired
oScience is concerned with empirical things—scientific knowledge
oReligiosityregular attendance of a place of worship. There can be many reasons to do this:
1.Business reasons
2. family pressure
3.depth of religious commitmentmulti-dimensional. Can be measured in a variety of ways—
strength of belief, knowledge
oSecularization pattern of social change—decrease in supernatural and religious belief.
oUltimate questions cant be answered by science
oAtheism—disbelief in the existence of god or deities
oAgnosticsfence sitters, on both sides.
oDeists—believe that god has made the world and then left it.
oPantheiststhey are like the environmentalists. They worship natureWilliam Golding the
world is a living creatureNavi. Related to mysticism
oSecularizationhow it took place:
www.notesolution.com
Agnosticism lead it, there was an improvement in the quality of life. Before, life was tough (vale
of tears) which was an important reason for people to be religious. As epidemics such as black
plague deaths broke out40% of the European population died because of thisCatholic
Church said that it was gods punishment for human sins. But the truth was that flagellants
who were travelling through out Europe had spread it.
oBlood letting—ancient Greek—performed for over 2000 yrs until the end of the 19th century. It is
the withdrawal of often considerable quantities of blood from a patient to cure or prevent illness
and disease. (drawing blood)
oFamineyields were too low
oOtherworldly Weberwhat we see is that religions become more secular.
It is not necessary for some one to be religious to be charitable. Charity, sheltering the homeless,
3rd world aid, environmental issues, passivism (rejection of war)everything is being done
without religious intention. Thus religion has lost its functions through which it monopolized its
bereavement. Bereavement counseling—belonged exclusively to religion
Today instead of bereavement counseling there are grief counsellors (this industry has grown
tremendously), psychotherapists (taken over people who are depressed or have other emotional
problems). Exorcismthe use of prayers or religious rituals to drive out evil spirits believed to
possess a person or placethis has declined as well.
oReligion has been influenced by the secular culture
The United Church—ordained women, approved gays.
Environmental movementinfluences religion
oSecularization thesis Weberdisenchanted religionhe felt that religious institutions would
become more and more unpopular.
oQuiet revolutionQuebec—secular movement
oPeople have been trying to have a religious revival
oScience revolution cause (improvement in standards) and effect (focus more on this world,
advances in science and technology strengthen secularization) of secularization
oTsunamisecularizationprevailing opinion: natural forces have made it happen. Modern
explanation: earthquake in the sea.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 7 and 8Religion o Durkheim, Marx, Weberwerent concerned whether religions are true or false, they were just interested in the type of social force they had. The impact of religion in social change and organization. o Weber related religion to capitalism o W.I Thomas Thomas Theoremwhat people define to be true is true in its consequences. Beliefs enable people to think that social forces exist, regardless whether the religion is true or not. o Cheddar cheesecult: the moon is made up of cheese, and it gives an ever lasting life. o Leon Festingerwhen prophecy fails it creates those who doubt like atheists, agnostics (who arent sure about god). Deist, pantheistsenvironmentalism o William GoldingThe Gala Hypothesis o Discomformists rationalize a way (like modern environmentalists) o Ultimate questions about religionsupernatural judgementstrue or divinely inspired o Science is concerned with empirical thingsscientific knowledge o Religiosityregular attendance of a place of worship. There can be many reasons to do this: 1. Business reasons 2. family pressure 3. depth of religious commitmentmulti-dimensional. Can be measured in a variety of ways strength of belief, knowledge o Secularization pattern of social changedecrease in supernatural and religious belief. o Ultimate questions cant be answered by science o Atheismdisbelief in the existence of god or deities o Agnosticsfence sitters, on both sides. o Deistsbelieve that god has made the world and then left it. o Pantheiststhey are like the environmentalists. They worship natureWilliam Golding the world is a living creatureNavi. Related to mysticism o Secularizationhow it took place: www.notesolution.com
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