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Lecture

SOCB05; LEC09.docx

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB05H3
Professor
Rania Salem

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SOCB05; LEC09
AGENDA
- review of research question formulation
- qualitative interviewing
o in depth interviews
o focus group discussions
o oral histories
- qualitative field research
o field research methodologies
o mechanics of field research
o pros and cons of field research
o field research frameworks
REVIEW OF ASSIGNMENT 2, PART 1 (example 1)
- research question
o Are cohabiting or married adult women who are employed more likely to
experience intimate partner violence (IPV) than women who are not
employed in contemporary Canada?
- Conceptualization
o Employment: the production of goods or provision of services for
remuneration in cash or kind
o Intimate partner violence: physical, psychological or sexual violence by an
intimate romantic partner the woman is cohabiting with
- Operationalization
o Employment: in the past month, have you done any activity in return for
payment, either in cash or kind?... yes/no
o Intimate partner violence: in the past year, has your partner or husband
done any of the following things to you?... yes/no
- Sampling & Data Collection Plan:
o Cross-sectional survey
o Sampling frame obtained from the Canadian census of 2011 (the census
includes information on gender, age, marital status and address for every
respondent)
o Restricted the sampling frame to women who were aged 15-49 who were
either married or cohabiting
o Systematically sampled 6,000 respondents nationally from the restricted
sampling frame
o Mailed paper-and-pencil questionnaires to those 6,000 women with
instructions on how to return the questionnaire to the research team
REVIEW OF ASSIGNMENT 2, PART 1 (example 2)
- research question:
o why are cohabiting or married adult women who are employed more likely
to experience intimate partner violence than women who are not
employed in contemporary Canada?
- conceptualization:
o employment: the production of goods or provision of services for
remuneration in cash or kind
o intimate partner violence: physical, psychological or sexual violence by an
intimate romantic partner the woman is cohabiting with
- operationalization
o employment: tell me about all the activities you’ve done in the past month
that you got paid to do
o intimate partner violence: in the past year, has your partner or husband
done anything to hurt you or to force you to do something? Can you
describe the incident(s) to me?
- Sampling and data collection plan:
o In-depth interviews
o Snowball sample of 30 women (15 employed, 15 not employed) aged 15-
49 who were either married or cohabiting
QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING
- six features
o questions are open ended
o question wording is flexible rather than fixed
o question order should be organic and follow the flow of the conversation
o questions don’t exhaust the range of issues you will explore in the
interview
o questions increase and evolve as the research progresses
o sample recruitment stops when saturation is reached
QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING; IN DEPTH INTERVIEWS
- mechanics
o one on one encounter between interviewer and respondent
o interviewer guides the discussion by introducing the purpose of the
interview, posing questions, and probing issues that arise
o the interview is often audio recorded and transcribed
o non-probability selection according to characteristics relevant to the
research question
- advantages
o greater depth than survey interviews
o greater flexibility than survey interviews
o high on face validity
- disadvantages
o time and cooperation of research subject required
o small non-probability samples reduce generalizability
o artificiality of the interview compared to field research may reduce external
validity
QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING; FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS
- advantages
o greater depth than survey interviews
o greater flexibility than survey interviews
o more efficient than in-depth interviews (more respondents in the same
amount of time with the same cost)

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Description
SOCB05; LEC09 AGENDA - review of research question formulation - qualitative interviewing o in depth interviews o focus group discussions o oral histories - qualitative field research o field research methodologies o mechanics of field research o pros and cons of field research o field research frameworks REVIEW OF ASSIGNMENT 2, PART 1 (example 1) - research question o Are cohabiting or married adult women who are employed more likely to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) than women who are not employed in contemporary Canada? - Conceptualization o Employment: the production of goods or provision of services for remuneration in cash or kind o Intimate partner violence: physical, psychological or sexual violence by an intimate romantic partner the woman is cohabiting with - Operationalization o Employment: in the past month, have you done any activity in return for payment, either in cash or kind?... yes/no o Intimate partner violence: in the past year, has your partner or husband done any of the following things to you?... yes/no - Sampling & Data Collection Plan: o Cross-sectional survey o Sampling frame obtained from the Canadian census of 2011 (the census includes information on gender, age, marital status and address for every respondent) o Restricted the sampling frame to women who were aged 15-49 who were either married or cohabiting o Systematically sampled 6,000 respondents nationally from the restricted sampling frame o Mailed paper-and-pencil questionnaires to those 6,000 women with instructions on how to return the questionnaire to the research team REVIEW OF ASSIGNMENT 2, PART 1 (example 2) - research question: o why are cohabiting or married adult women who are employed more likely to experience intimate partner violence than women who are not employed in contemporary Canada? - conceptualization: o employment: the production of goods or provision of services for remuneration in cash or kind o intimate partner violence: physical, psychological or sexual violence by an intimate romantic partner the woman is cohabiting with - operationalization o employment: tell me about all the activities you’ve done in the past month that you got paid to do o intimate partner violence: in the past year, has your partner or husband done anything to hurt you or to force you to do something? Can you describe the incident(s) to me? - Sampling and data collection plan: o In-depth interviews o Snowball sample of 30 women (15 employed, 15 not employed) aged 15- 49 who were either married or cohabiting QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING - six features o questions are open ended o question wording is flexible rather than fixed o question order should be organic and follow the flow of the conversation o questions don’t exhaust the range of issues you will explore in the interview o questions increase and evolve as the research progresses o sample recruitment stops when saturation is reached QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING; IN DEPTH INTERVIEWS - mechanics o one on one encounter between interviewer and respondent o interviewer guides the discussion by introducing the purpose of the interview, posing questions, and probing issues that arise o the interview is often audio recorded and transcribed o non-probability selection according to characteristics relevant to the research question - advantages o greater depth than survey interviews o greater flexibility than survey interviews o high on face validity - disadvantages o time and cooperation of research subject required o small non-probability samples reduce generalizability o artificiality of the interview compared to field research may reduce external validity QUALITATIVE INTERVIEWING; FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSIONS - advantages o greater depth than survey interviews o greater flexibility than survey interviews o more efficient than in-depth interviews (more respondents in the same amount of time with the same cost) o can observe interaction and group processes o high on face validity - disadvantages o time and cooperation of research subjects required o small non-probability samples reduce generalizability o the researcher has less control than in-depth interviews and survey interviews o moderation requires more specialized skills than one on one interviewing QUALITATIVE INT
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