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Lecture 4

SOCB22H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Arlie Russell Hochschild, Wicket-Keeper


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB22H3
Professor
Ping- Chun Hsiung
Lecture
4

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1
Oct 19(wk 6)
SG Readings 4
The Second Shift: Employed Women are Putting in Another Day
of Work at Home- Arlie Hochschild
Problems between couples are often effects of the economic and cultural shock waves
Quarrels result from fast-changing women and slow-changing men
Most workplaces have remained inflexible in the face of the changing needs of
workers with families
stalled revolution; strain caused by the disparity between the chance in women and
the absence of change elsewhere
Womens work causes divorce?
What contributes to wives happiness is husbands’ willingness to do work at home
Second most common reason for divorce is mens neglect of housework and childcare
Housework is being devalued by women as well; hiring babysitters, housekeepers,
etc.
Most women felt second shift was their issue and most men agreed
Even when husbands happily shared the work, their wives felt more responsible for
home and children
Women do 2/3 of the work at home even when couples share work
Women do more childcare and men repair household appliances
-childcare needs to be tended to daily while repairing appliances can wait until I
have time
Women do two things as once while men dont
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When men help, they tend to children more rather than do housework
-tending to children is more fun so men are doing what theyd rather do
Two-job family is suffering from speed-up of work and life
Women are sometimes seen as villains for their extra work; they are the ones
hassling the children
More than 70% of wives and mothers work outside the home
Working parent becomes interesting group and a swing vote in elections
Need a pro-family policy like Sweden; 12 month maternity leave,
-could increase pay scales for ‘womens jobs
-could also institute fewer-hour, more flexible options- called family phases
Be happier if family life is family life and not a second shift
Feeding the Family: The Social Organizing of Caring as
Gendered Work- Majorie L. De Vault
In most families women put family before paid jobs and take primary responsibility
for housework and childcare
Husbands require more work than they contribute
Some analysts suggest that womens responsibility for housework persists because
mens careers are typically more profitable than womens; but this decision does not
depend on economics alone
In two-pay check families women do more housework than men
Problems of Sharing
Because household is such a routine it seems simple to let one person take over the
organization of it
The fact that standards and plans for housework are typically unarticulated also
makes it difficult for husbands and wives to share work in the family
The house worker defines the work as part of an overall design for the household
routine, but this design is only partially conscious
www.notesolution.com
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