SOCB22H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Edward Said, Patricia Hill Collins, Heterosexism

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3 Apr 2013
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SOCB22 Lecture 8 (March 4)
Gender: Interlocking Relations
“This „interlocking‟ effect means that the systems of
oppression come into existence in and through one another so
that class exploitation could not be accomplished without
gender and racial hierarchies; imperialism could not function
without class exploitation, sexism, heterosexism, and so on.
-- Razack
Key Ideas
Intersectionality: women, race and nation
o Constructs womanhood are central to defining cultural
groups, races, and nations
Relationality
o Meanings of femininity and masculinity are shaped in
relation to each other
o Not just that males typically dominate. There are
different types of femininities that are in a hierarchy.
o How one category gains meaning through another.
o “The „unfitness‟ of working-class Black mothers as
qualified to pass on national culture has been
constructed in opposition to the „fitness‟ of middle-class
White women.…Because Black women are „unfit‟
mothers they become „undeserving‟ of the benefits of
belonging to the American national family.” – Collins
An ideology played out in policies and practices.
Example: Depiction of black single mothers
in the media.
Can be seen in the lack of support and
childcare available to single parents.
Impact
o Dominant ideologies of femininity (and masculinity)
have impact on policies, actions, and structures.
o How if affects social policy.
Woman, Race, Class, and Nation
In the United States, notions of motherhood influence
definitions of American national identity. Just as mothers are
important to family well-being, ideas about motherhood
remain central to constructing both the citizenship rights of
diverse groups of women and American social policy.--
Collins
Mothers of the Nation Patricia Hill Collins
Key Questions:
o How are notions of ideal motherhood framed in terms of
who is seen as desirable to reproduce the nations?
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Document Summary

Intersectionality: women, race and nation: constructs womanhood are central to defining cultural groups, races, and nations. Relationality: meanings of femininity and masculinity are shaped in relation to each other, not just that males typically dominate. White women. because black women are unfit mothers they become undeserving of the benefits of belonging to the american national family. collins. An ideology played out in policies and practices. Example: depiction of black single mothers in the media. Can be seen in the lack of support and childcare available to single parents. Impact: dominant ideologies of femininity (and masculinity) have impact on policies, actions, and structures, how if affects social policy. In the united states, notions of motherhood influence definitions of american national identity. Just as mothers are important to family well-being, ideas about motherhood remain central to constructing both the citizenship rights of diverse groups of women and american social policy. -- Mothers of the nation patricia hill collins.

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