SOCB22- Week 5:
The Second Shift: Employed Women are putting in Another Day of Work at Home:
-Problems between couples, problems that seem “unique” or “marital”, are often the individual
ripples of powerful economic and cultural shock waves.
-Quarrels between husbands and wives in households across the nation result mainly from a
friction between faster changing women and slower changing men.
-Most workplaces have remained inflexible in the face of the changing needs of workers with
families, and most men have yet to really adapt to the changes in women.
-The writer, calls the strain caused by the disparity between the change in women and the
absence of change elsewhere the “stalled revolution”.
-Over the past 30 years in the US, more and more women have begun to work outside the home,
and more have divorced.
-Whether they were traditional or more egalitarian in their relationship, couples were happier
when the men did a sizable share of housework and childcare.
-2nd most common reason women cited for wanting to divorce- after “mental cruelty”- was their
husbands’ neglect of home or children.
-A happy marriage is supported by a couple’s being economically secure, by their enjoying a
supportive community, and by their having compatible needs and values.
-In the era of the stalled revolution, one way to make housework and child care more valued is
for men to share in that work.
-Adding together the time it takes to do a job and to do housework and using major studies, the
author found that women put in 15 more hours each week than men.
-Over the year, they worked an extra month of 24 hour days. Over a dozen years, it was an extra
year of 24 hour days.
-Most women without children spend much more time than men on housework.
-Women with children devote more time to both housework and child care.
-Just as there is a wage gap between men and women in the workplace, there is a “leisure gap”
between them at home.
-The research interviewed 52 couples.
-Men who shared the load at home seemed just as pressed for time as their wives, and as torn
between the demands of career and small children.
-Of the men surveyed, majority of them did not share the load at home.
-Even when husbands happily shared the work, their wives felt more responsible for home and
-Even when couples more equitably share the work at home, women do two thirds of the daily
jobs at home, such as cooking and cleaning- jobs that fix them into a rigid routine.
Women do more childcare than men, and men repair more household appliances. A
child needs to be tended daily, whereas the repair of household appliances can often
Men thus have more control over when they make their contributions than women.