SOCB26H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: School Bullying, Social Inequality, Prolongation
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1. What does a schooled society look like? How is it different from a non-schooled society? Why,
and in what ways, has schooling become ever more important? How does this relate to your
own schooling experiences?
a. School at centre
b. Determines mobility
c. Takes up significant part of life
e. Non-school: school not a centre, rely on other things, harder to mobilize (based on
f. Over years, school more important as qualifications required for jobs have increased
g. Attendance mandatory
h. School delivers core values
i. Education considered a rights vs a privilege
2. How might multiculturalism/cultural diversity make the school’s socializing role more difficult?
a. Streaming/stratification: bias toward certain students (e.g., based on race)
b. Not same opportunities to socialize with certain groups
c. Since school socializes: transmit knowledge from one generation to the next —> what
cultural tradition to emphasize in a cultural diverse setting?
d. How can everyone be provided with equal opportunities, making sure not to
subordinate certain cultures?
3. What are ‘badges of ability’, and what do they signify? What ‘badges of ability’ were applied
throughout your own schooling experience?
a. Degrees, diplomas, assessments
b. Reward graduates
c. Open opportunity
d. Shape and are shaped by larger processes of social inequality and stratification
e. Problem: family background (race, class) related to school success
4. What is the ‘knowledge society’ – and how does it connect to the schooled society?
a. Jobs require more knowledge, more eduction
b. More economic rewards
c. More autonomy, cognitive complexity, and mental dexterity
d. Shift from agricultural to service society
e. Education have become more critical for the whole nation success in the context of
5. How has the rise of individualism changed the nature of schooling? How has growing
individualism influence your own schooling experience in comparison to that of your parents
a. Collective effort (jobs that we needed vs wanted) in non-individual society
b. Now: strength of individual
c. More specialization and individual preference
d. Prolongation of childhood: socialization is increasingly done outside of families, in
e. Rising expectation for children and their success: pressure to create “super human”
1. Compare and contrast Marco, middle range and micro level sociological theories of schooling,
how might they be applied to the issue of school bullying?
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