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Lecture 2

Week 2 Lecture Note

Course Code
Julian Tanner

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January 18, 2011
Prof. J Tanner
We graduate from the educational
system with different badges of
Educational selection is linked to
Competition for the best jobs is
intense – who gets them and how?
Structural functionalism: education
selection is a meritocratic process
Conflict theory: it is through the
educational system that high status
parents pass on their privileges to
their children
Education is linked with why there
are inequalities in society
Inequality associated with
occupation more stable, gets paid
Pre-requisites have gone up to get the
better jobs it all comes from
At no other time in human history
that education is so important for
success in getting good jobs
Best jobs have low supply because
many more of us want to become
doctors and lawyers
Who are the people who get selected
in the best positions?
Education system operates as a
meritocracy institution in society
where talents are discovered by
Structuralism has meritocracy as well
Regardless of social background of a
student, the equality of education is
supposed to reward every individual
Conflict theory meritocracy is a
nice idea to describe how it is that
educational system allows high status
parents to pass on their wealth of
power on their children
In the mid-19th century, Durkheim is
concerned about religion as a moral
force in society
Schools socialize people and help
transform children and adolescents
into adults
Schools also pass along facts, values
and knowledge from generation to
Cultural transmission
The school curriculum concerned
about moral education
New questions, new debates about
what schools should be culturally
The Big 3 in sociology Durkheim,
Marx and Weber
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Durkheimfather of sociology who
paid special attention to role of
school of cultural transformation
Understand society with a flow of
change why does Durkheim being
interested in school?
Society is increasing losing its role in
agricultural base we have become
more industrialized
Society will become more
democratic as age progressed
Rise of political parties spread of
the vote
Rise of individualism people pay
attention to the less-constraint of
society and encourage to express
their talents and opinions
Religious beliefs was on the way
becomes a problem for Durkheim
Religion as a source of regulation
and constraint in society
Religion has surprised the society
with intro of moral code
Durkheim identified mass education
as being the replacement force for
constraint and controlled individuals
Mass schooling provides the citizen
with a moral code to curb the
excesses of individualism
Schooling is strongly linked to the
business of socialization – cultural
Society has become more multi-
cultural, how do schools extract the
norms and values to us all to pass
onto the next generation?
Curriculum involves in what schools
should be teaching
School violence
Sex education as being common
senseliberal and reducing
significant amount of teenage
Sex education reduces the drop-out
rates in teenage periods
What books should students be
reading in school?
Religious teaching
What are some limits of socialization
Anti-academic youth culture on the
Do schools perform functions that
are not always intended?
The school is a social organization
Some parents with traditional views
think sex education facilitates a
decrease in social morality
It is harder to define the things that
we agree upon because our society is
so diverse
Teachers often struggle to motivate
reluctant students
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