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Lecture 7

SOCB26H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Immigration Policy, Visible Minority, Human Capital

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Julian Tanner

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SOCB26- March. 6. 2012
SOCB26 Lecture 7
How oppositional are high school dropouts?
While school factors are important determinants of dropping out, most dropouts have
mixed feelings about quitting school.
Most intend on returning to school.
Few abandoned their occupational aspirations few anticipated low status jobs
In prof's study of Edmonton drop outs, it showed that they were less oppositional than they had
anticipated. High school drop outs were very willing to talk, even though the questions were
fairly sensitive. School-based was the most popular reason behind dropping out (learning
difficulties, poor grades, teachers they disliked, subjects they disliked) [about 60%]. The next
highest reason was due to personal reasons (family conflicts, pregnancy, etc.) [24%]. The last
reason was due to job/money-related [16%].
Solved immediate problems but many of them had a very difficult time finding a job. Not many
companies wanted to be associated with high school drop outs. Dropping out stigmatized them.
The experience was short-term gain for long-term pain! Found that most students who dropped
out had done a lot of skipping school previous to dropping out. Most students said that they were
pushed out rather than leaving on their own accord by guidance counsellors and teachers due to
zero tolerance policies. When they did this study, the part-time job phenomena for students was
occurring. They asked the drop-outs, would you go back to school? 38% said yes, but not high
school. 32% said yes. 19% said maybe. 12% said no. Complaints: didn’t like being treated like
children, didn't like the prevailing peer culture (cliquey, high-status background students were
more popular and had nothing to do with low-mid status students).
Gender: Female educational attainment now significantly exceeds male educational attainment.
Why? In the 1980's there was a concern over female educational attainment. This has changed.
Women are entering into professions that were traditionally occupied by men. Teaching, social
work, and nursing have increased their educational entry requirements, therefore forcing women
to acquire more education but are traditional for women to enter. Another reason the gap is big,
is b/c males enter into more jobs that don't require much education, such as mining or
construction. If human capital theory was occurring in our society today, than women should be
making equally as much as men, but this hasn't happened yet. For every dollar a male makes, a
women makes about 70% of that. One reason they earn less is b/c of the fields they study in.
Men are predominately in math, architecture, engineering, and computer sciences (make more $).
Race and ethnicity/ educational attainment.
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