SOCB26H3 Lecture Notes - Cultural Capital, Institutional Theory, Longitudinal Study

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Published on 9 Oct 2012
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OVERHEAD 3
Selection
- in the past, status was inherited
- (nowadays, you can’t 100%. You don’t inherit educational qualifications)
How do parents pass on their advantages to their children?
- the education system is itself stratified (to form, arrange, or deposit in
layers)
- streaming (how is streaming justified? What do its critics say?)
o reinforces existing differences in ability
o suppresses ambition
o is often linked to class background
what are the educational effects of streaming?
- streaming has an effect, independent of social background cognitive ability,
on school attainment
- over time, allocation to high status streams improves performance, allocation
to allow status streams lowers performance
o longitudinal study (Gamoran, 1992) surveyed a large sample of
American high school students three times over the course of their
school careers: the test scores of those in the academic track
improved; the test scores of those in non-academic tracks declined
- longitudinal study from the UK: every child born in the first week of Marc
1958 surveyed at the ages 7, 11, and 16 with regard to their ability in
mathematics and reading
o students allocated to top ability groups/ streams improved their
performance, especially in mathematics
Why does streaming have the effects that it appears to have?
- those in academic stream surrounded by dynamic peers, curriculum and
teachers
- research also suggests that students in low status streams are hurt more by
their experiences than those in high status streams benefit from theirs
the changing nature of selection in educational systems
- historically, Canada’s educational system has been more flexible and open in
its selective function than European educational systems
- Over the past several decades, European educational systems have become
more like Canadian and American systems (for example: more secondary
school graduates going on to university)
- Increasingly, the selective function of education is occurring at the post
secondary level, rather than in high school
- Higher education is stratified according to:
o Selectivity of the institution (university acceptance selection)
o Field of study (that is, the programs of study that students enter)
OVERHEAD 3a
B26 Davies and Guppy multiple choice questions. Based on, but not limited to:
- Marx, Durkheim, and Weber on education
- Human, social and cultural capital and education
- Institutional theory
- Expansion of educational system
- Selection