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SOCB42H3 Lecture Notes - Christian Contemplation, Middle Ages

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Dan Silver

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Classic Sociological Theory
Theory – comes from origins and roots (theoria)
1. abstract/rational vs. empirical
2. general (modernization leads to rationalization) vs. particular (Canada has big democracy)
3. contemplative (why do people commit crimes?) vs. practical
4. exegetical (interpretative) vs. heuristic
-increases intellect, sophistication
-very best productions, first claims, whatever lasts, define ways of thinking (ways of treating
people), world-openings; provide morals, enduring prepositions
-classic vs. exemplar (model, e.g. Isaac Newton)
-the inner structure of society; interactions with people, economic/political facts
Historical context
-active participants redefine world in a new way, such as democracy
-needed to find and understand the old world, why it collapsed due to conflicts
-middle ages life: majority is peasants, perhaps farmers, butchers who do not live well
-also bishops, baron, knight, king, pope
-key: peasants work, lord rules, priests pray
-needed to reform religion, social structures, and culture
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