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Lecture 2

Week 2 Lecture

Course Code
Dan Silver

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-“I want you to want me back” – similar to Adams Smith’s philosophy of sympathy
Key terms:
-virtue – excellent, fine
-propriety = doing everything in right way (relates to reason)
-prudence = care about self (relates to self-love)
-benevolence = care about other people (relates to sentiment)
-approbation – appraising
-reason (Aristotle)
-sentiment (Hutchinson)
-immanent critique = judging
-matter of fact vs. right
-sympathy = general reactions
-pity = feel bad when something bad happens to one
-we don’t always feel the same as other people
-people get hurt when other people don’t see the same situation as them
-you don’t have to feel mutual sympathy
-capacity -> non-agreement -> pleasure and mutuality -> virtues -> rules
-things on body are totally private
-bodily pain – anti social
-love cannot be based on public opinions, everyone has different perception
-amiability and respectability
-amiable virtue – person at party who does the social (i.e. jokes)
-respectable virtue – you don’t try to ask too much of other people, what you feel is weaker than
what I feel for you
-justice = not hurting people; when someone is hurt, pay them back
-efficient vs. final
-people need to be punished/working, otherwise world will be taken apart
-micro motives, macro behaviours
-material progress, wealth, ambition, and social rank (better/higher)
-economic consequences: rich is not better than poor, but rich has better way of getting things
and getting noticed
-ambition = being loved and respected; ways of getting things we want is good
-*we work hard in order to survive because we want to be respected and recognized
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