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Lecture 5

Week 5 Lecture

Course Code
Dan Silver

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1. History/biography
2. Classification of sciences
3. The nature of sociology
a. tasks
b. objects
c. means
4. Order
a. individual
b. family
c. society
5. Progress
a. rate
b. direction
c. laws
History of Comte (1878-1957)
- coined the term sociology
- created public citizenship
- needed guidance of social order
- Charles Fourier reorganize society
- Comte was assistant of Sant-Simon – science and industry lead to scientists
and industries
- Comte thought that ideas drove history, but Sant-Simon did not think so, so
broke up
Classification of Sciences (where Sociology fit in)
- plotted on graph, x-axis = general to specific, y-axis = simple to complex
- order from general/simple to specific/complex = math -> astronomy -> physics -> chemistry
->biology -> sociology
- Sociology is most complex
- each science allows us to understand laws to explain events, to know our limits
- sociology explains social events
Theoretical Applied
- astronomy - navigation
- physics - mechanical/nuclear engineering
- chemistry - chemical engineering
- biology - medicine, agriculture
- sociology - social engineering, criminology, social work, education
- social laws – we understand things that we cannot do
The Nature of Sociology (special things that make Sociology what it is)
-task of sociology is to provide positive scientific understanding of society
- talks about theological explanations and metaphysical explanations
- theological seek explanation for events in will of supernatural being
- metaphysical seek explanation of nature of entities to behave in that way
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