SOCB42H3 Lecture Notes - Antireligion, Barter, Abstract Labour And Concrete Labour

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8 Oct 2011
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1) Recap
a) Theses
b) Jewish Question
2) Capital
a) Mystification
b) Commodities
c) Exploitation
Midterm (around 70 marks):
Quote – identify who the author is (about 5-10)
Definitions of concepts (e.g. use-value=exchange value)
Short Answer (make comparisons between authors)
Essay (choose from two)
Theses
- shift from theology to anthropology
- theology = logos of theos
- logos = understand structure/meaning of something
- theos = God
- theology = logic/structure/meaning of God, who God is, what God wants, what God does
- thinking theology – draw conclusions about human beings based on conclusions about God
- anthropology = reverse things about logic/structure/meaning of mankind, who is man, what
humans want, what humans think, what humans need; and draw conclusions about God
- God provides wholeness to humans
- if humans have rich interiors, you would think God produced rich resources
- God is dependent on conclusions about mankind
- Marx says it doesn’t go far enough because it stops with generic claims and psychological
tendencies
- Feuerbach thinks people suffer from psychological alienation and rejects God
- Marx: the way social structures make us work in labour
- theology is called superstructure, which traces structure to base
- economics of production determine individual attitudes and psychological
- Marx says anthropology then shifts to sociology based on idealism and materialism
- materialism = material conditions through which we reproduce our lives
- idealism means our culture, ideologies are independent variables that drive the dependent
variables
- interpreting vs. change
- if we interpret our ideas, we understand the history of the world
- if materials are primary, so thinking/ideology is meaningless, so must change it
- if believe in idealism and theology, need to interpret ideas
- interpreting is not enough, must change the world
Jewish Question:
- 1) Bower’s position: for religious minority (Jewish) to gain political rights, they would need to
give up religious identity, and everybody has to do the same…no more anybody without
religious identity
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