Week 8 Lecture

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Published on 8 Oct 2011
Communist Manifesto
1. Communist Manifesto as Literary Text
2. History as Class Struggle
3. Bourgeois + Proletarian
4. Communism
Midterm: 10 identifications, 6 definitions (meaning of concepts, importance), 2 essays
Definitions: 2/3 Smith, ¾ Marx, ½ Comte
- Marx as sociologist: moved many millions of people in action
Communist Manifesto as literary text: is a masterpiece
1) an ode to the bourgeoisie – transformed the world by unifying the globe into one system
ointended as propaganda, got many people to participate
owriting is electric, and many people were energized
2) tragedy to the bourgeoisie – being the very best qualities you can be and bring self down and
destroys self (by doing everything right brings things wrong)
oEdipist killed his father and married his mother and became King
onew King of world = Bourgeoisie, capitalist who ruled the world
oMarx says that Bourgeoisie is much like Edipist, create new class having no property
oBourgeoisie bring them down and destroy themselves
othe more they push the private property system, the more they bring themselves down
oHegel – dialectical
opush a form of life as far as you can and contradict old form of life = cunning of history
otragedies do not have happy endings
3) comedy of communism – there is a happy ending, finally realize what you’re going for
onot fully stuck in tragedy by Bourgeoisie
ostate will wither away and be compensated (you will have what you need)
History as Class Struggle
oworld is divided by classes
oclasses based on property forms, position within system of property
osystems change over time
oplayers have changed in struggle, stage stayed the same
oproperty belongs to individual, you can get rid of whatever you own
osystem of property in middle ages: feudal lords, surfs, guild masters who ran black smith job
and had apprentices and church
oproperty wasn’t private; linked with states (aristocrats and King)
opriest may be assigned to a church and get a house; own the house but belongs to church
oMarx says each of system is rational; if understand feudal system, will make sense
oif you push it far enough, it will fall apart
ohave class struggles in all societies because have different properties
oantagonism between those who have property and those who do not have property
oantagonism has simplified everything, polarized
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Document Summary

Communist manifesto: communist manifesto as literary text, history as class struggle, bourgeois + proletarian, communism. Midterm: 10 identifications, 6 definitions (meaning of concepts, importance), 2 essays. Marx as sociologist: moved many millions of people in action. Bourgeoisie: rose out of discovery of new world and markets, thus more demand. All that is solid is melted in air famous quote. Bourgeoisie stripped away illusions and showed reality. As soon as there is new invention, it will be obsolete very soon. Always need to be ready to reinvent self, which can be destabilizing. Max weber says there is big difference between dying in rome and dying now. Bourgeoisie destroyed people due to their superiority. Exposed family relationships as business relationships (family becomes money relationship) Exposed decline of great lords of middle ages. Follows directly from constantly revolutionized part of bourgeoisie. Brings connection to particular place in life; world becomes open place.