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Lecture 1

SOCB43H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Mechanical And Organic Solidarity

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Dan Silver

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Weber’s concepts:
Weber is focusing on subjectivity of our social experience, and meanings and motivations
attached to our social actions.
he understand social relationship as action and motivation
why they do the things they do, that matters to them
random movement is not an action because there is no legit meaning
4 types of actions:
1. Value rational action:
motivated by commitment to a particular value
there is a value that gives meaning to ur action rather than achieving ur goal
don't care about the future
stand up for what i believe in
ex. loyalty, religion…
2. emotional reaction:
motivated by feelings
expression of emotions
love and hate.
3. Purposive:
calculative way
based on a strategic, cost-benefits analysis
a clear connection with the means and the end when you can say its
working for science and engineering can be considered instrumentally-
rational behaviour.
4. Tradition:
motivated by custom and habits
they don't remember why you doing this because it is tradition
ex. eat turkey in Thanks giving day, it also satisfies an emotional need to
be around family and friends.
We are working not only because of the benefits we get and the needs we have but
because traditions and norms dictate命令 that we work for a living.
Iron Cage of rationality
Max Weber used the term "iron cage of rationality" to describe that rationalization
of bureaucratic control traps individuals in a figurative “cage” of thought.
Weber argued that society is increasingly dominated by purposeful action of
rationalization. He believed that iron cage of rationality has formed.
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