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Lecture 9

SOCB43H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Evernote, Georg Simmel, Nomothetic


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCB43H3
Professor
Dan Silver
Lecture
9

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3/24/2016 Lecture 9 | Evernote Web
https://www.evernote.com/Home.action#n=70d93048-571d-492d-977a-0c1fc3303746&ses=4&sh=2&sds=5& 1/2
Lecture 9
Cult and Functional Institutions (Mead continued)
Cult
peoplebecomeattachedtoaninstitutionnomattertheconsequences(positiveandnegative)
ex.Christianchurchasacultofdemocracy
positiveconsequence-setavisionoftheworldinwhicheveryoneisequal
Functional
ex.warandpatriotismandthevalueofnationalism
patriotismisanimportantcultvalue,thenationcomestogetheratone
ifvaluescannotbequestioned,therearequestionsthatwillnotbeanswered
doespatriotismhelporhurttheminimalizationofwar?difficulttoanswer
cultinstitutionsshouldbeturnedintofunctionalinstitutions
functionalvalues-helpstobettertheworldbylookingatvaluesasscientificproblems
consequencesofscience
Weber-sciencetellsusthemeansandnottheends
Durkheim-sciencetellsustheendsandnotthemeans
Mead-sciencedoesnottellustheendsorthemeansbutratheramethod-awaytothink
Mead
meaningcomesfromanunderstandingofhowtoeffectivelydealwithchallengesinlife,weareconsistentlychanging
SIMMEL
Life
thechangesoftheindustrialrevolutionandsuchwerenotforeigntoSimmelbecausehegrewupinabiggercitywhereitwasalreadyoccurring(Berlin,
Germany)thanothersociologists(Weber,Durkheim,Mead)
hewasJewishsoitwasdifficulttofindajob,hefeltlikeastranger
DurkheimandWebertriedtohelpSimmelwithhisworkandgettingajob
hesaid"Iwantmylifetobecashmoney"becausemoneycanbecirculatedandhewantedthisthoughtsandideastobecirculatedinthesameway
whatissociology?
distinctionbetweennomothetic(positivists)andidiographic(historicists)approachestoscience
nomothetic
Simmel-timelesslaws,ex.mathequations(becausetheyneverchange)
idiographic
Simmel-thereisnoequation,justasetofcircumstancesthatledtoaparticularsituation
Weber-idealtypes
Simmelalsothoughtofathirdcomponenttosociology(likeWeberdidwithidealtypes)
Forms of Association
"societyexistswhereanumberofindividualsenterintoaninteraction"
formsofinteractionsratherthancharacteristicsandpersonalities
ex.I'mfeelinghungry,andI'minvitedtoadinnerpartywithotherpeoplewhereIinteractwiththem-formsaminteraction
ex.I'mfeelinghungry,andIseesomeonewithasandwich,Icouldstealthesandwichwhichcouldformintoafight-formsaninteraction
formsofassociationariseforvariousimpulsesandpurposes
playfulimpulses,romanticimpulses,religiousimpulses,teachingimpulses
bringpeopletogethercreatingaunity
mutuallyaffectingoneanother,moreunifiedwithpeoplewhohavemoremutualunderstandingswithoneanotherandlessunifiedwithpeoplewhohave
nomutualunderstandingswithoneanother
"society"isamatterofdegree
gettingmarried,dancing,hangingoutwithyoursportsteam
intensityofinteractionvaries
thereisnosuchthingasasociety,justformsofinteractions
formvs.content
form
actionsonlybecomesocialwhentheytakeontheformofbeingwithandforanother
ex.whenhungerbecomes"beingwithandforanother"resultsinyourattendingadinnerparty
thestudyofpuresociology
ex.puregeometry-youonlycareabouttheshapeofabuildingvsanengineerforexamplewhocaresaboutitsstructureetc.
youcanhavethesameformwithdifferentcontents
ex.form(hierarchy)andcontent(business,religionsetc.)
youcanhavethesamecontentwithdifferentforms
ex.form(exchange,trading,militaryfightabouteconomicgain)andcontent(desireformoney)
pg,24-humanscanbecomeasocietywhenthereisinteractionandkindsandformsofassociations
Task of Sociology
identifypureforms
ex.conflict,exchange,hierarchy
ordertheseforms
istherearelationshipbetweenthem
examinedevelopment
howformschangeovertime
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