experiment objects because they said the animals do not have soul]; the redefinition
of what the modern science is: the point is on the sci side, sci has various goals and
redefine the goals. The ultimate image of the moral progress is the basic worry…
Weber think the way to be perfect is to have only one single purpose which might
change over time; so progress could be the enemy in the purpose—so making moral
progress: transforming yourself in the process; chaning yourself to be better to live so
that it is a evolutionary image—a harsh vision.
Simmel’s Life: German name; born in Berlin in German in the center area of urban
sociology in Germany. He is at home in urban life. His life is marginal of German
culture as Jewish, which is disapproval in Germany. After he finished high school he
studied philosophy in University, which is about Music. After graduated, being
attached to Berlin urban life, and the only interaction in the big city, he becomes as
the insider and outsider. He becomes the most popular lecturer in university. He
wrote a book named Philosophy of Money, or the book or essay of modern hour, the
important figures in German public, book about sociology; in constrast to Weber, he
was not interested in the political thing since his status is not accepted in German.
In the WWI, he supports the Germany. “I love German and therefore I wanted to live
and support them… in order for …” He died as a popular figure without direct any
The first topic is: he tends to define what the sociology should be? They are trying to
define sociology as science.
Nomothetic Vs. Ideolographic approaches
•Nomothtic: sociology is sci and should be former sci and having certain formulars
•Ideo: human life is inherence and different and you cannot formulate certain
general rules but you can use the historical events to ….
oIn P28: “ … presentation of real … the historical process of the other…”
oWeber: he tried to come up a third way; the ideal type
oSimmel accept Weber’s….individualism; and develop the ideal types into a
deeper way of…He is trying to define the middle ground but it is not the
ideal type but the forms of Sociology.
Association: the ideas of the forms of association; P23, :associoattion exist when
individuals enter the interaction….” So that we can analyze the association and
interaction between ppl as … which is not reducable to anything else like biology or
psychology or physics. He has the similar goal to Durkheim, which is not based on