** Population bumped up in the year of 1911. In 1850 and 1871, the population in Winnipeg and
Vancouver are even lower than the St. John’s, therefore they are not on the chart. Also, the
population in Toronto and Montreal grew significantly. Montreal’s population growth is more
significant than Toronto’s. **
Population of US Cities 1830- 1860
** Indicated that industrial revolution happened to the US first, before it happens in Canada. The
population growth is significant in the 1860s.**
Cottage Crafts: required a number of skills, from generation to generation,
Working in a factory, the skills became useless gradually. The nature of worker changed compared to
workers work with skills. Factory often use children, they work long hours with minimum paid.
Preindustrial time period: workplace and home are separated; live in a different area with the
industry. Workplace and home are the same, bad conditions. No modern transportation system.
These days, people start to live and work in the same area again.
Social Class Structure is more complex. Added more layers to the class system. Industrial
entrepreneur is new, people from this class come up with new ideas (ex. They build their industry,
new machine, if they are successful, they will earn a lot of money). Shift of wealth, shifted from the
old to the industrial entrepreneur. The entrepreneurs want to have the wealth but also higher social
status. Marriage with the heirstockracy.
Problems occurred with the industrial revolution: the rise of the slum, poverty, middle class suburbs,
US and Canada are behind the European countries since they are “new developed countries” in the
17th centuries. (Canada is the British colony back then, the American Revolution freed US.)
Colonial System became more and more significant in the 17th and 18th century, established during
the era of Queen Victoria. Britain has a great colonial system over the world, especially east Asia.
Shipped goods (raw materials) into Britain, Britain will manufacture the raw materials and ship them
back the colonies. Britain did not build up industries in Canadian cities. Canada was assigned to
provide food, raw materials to the industries in Britain through shipping. In return, Britain ship back
finished goods to Canada.