Week 1 Lecture

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Published on 8 Oct 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCB44H3
Professor
Page:
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Introduction
-crime rates are decreasing in Toronto
-cities are continued to be meaningful units of residence and identity to people
-*cities are meaningful to people*
-e.g. Olympics are organized by country; sports teams are organized by locality (cities)
-we care about local sports teams, minority cares about other sports teams
-people are not just citizens of cities but are part of the world
-*cities are understood to have distinct lifestyles and problems*
-*e.g. urban vs. rural; country vs. city; urban vs. suburban*
-these days, a lot of people live in urban areas, not many grow up in rural areas/farms
-distinctions are receding; farms are dying
-suburban growth after World War; people moved out of cities and into suburbs
-big cities in US were left in poor; Australia was very suburban
-present era: a lot of things are changing, huge movements of population
-e.g. commuting meant traveling from suburbs to downtown
-statistic show increasingly, people are commuting from one suburb to another
-suburbs are changing in many ways now: very multicultural, all immigrants settle in suburbs
-urbanization=shift in the proportion of the population of a nation living in urban areas
-urbanization=process by which rural areas become transformed into urban areas
-tremendous shift in the proportion of the population that has become urban
-1900: 9% of the world population were living in the cities
-1950: 30% of the world population were living in the cities (majority was still suburban)
-2000: 47% of the world population were living in the cities
-by year 2025: an estimated 58% of the world population will be living in the cities
-1961, Canada was in top ranks worldwide for majority living in urban
-growth of huge “mega-cities” (e.g. Sao Paulo=largest city)
-cities are growing at huge rates (20-30 million)
-urbanization involves invasion of land and set up slums (housing developments)
-urban sprawl=grow outwards into farmland

Document Summary

Cities are continued to be meaningful units of residence and identity to people. E. g. olympics are organized by country; sports teams are organized by locality (cities) We care about local sports teams, minority cares about other sports teams. People are not just citizens of cities but are part of the world. *cities are understood to have distinct lifestyles and problems* *e. g. urban vs. rural; country vs. city; urban vs. suburban* These days, a lot of people live in urban areas, not many grow up in rural areas/farms. Suburban growth after world war; people moved out of cities and into suburbs. Big cities in us were left in poor; australia was very suburban. Present era: a lot of things are changing, huge movements of population. E. g. commuting meant traveling from suburbs to downtown. Statistic show increasingly, people are commuting from one suburb to another. Suburbs are changing in many ways now: very multicultural, all immigrants settle in suburbs.